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6 Sci Volcanoes

6th Grade Science Volcanoes Vocabulary

QuestionAnswer
VOLCANO OPENING IN EARTH THAT ERUPTS GASES, ASH, AND LAVA.
ACTIVE VOLCANO VOLCANO CURRENTLY ERUPTING OR WILL ERUPT IN THE NEAR FUTURE.
DORMANT VOLCANO VOLCANO CURRENTLY NOT ERUPTING BUT MAY ERUPT AGAIN.
EXTINCT VOLCANO VOLCANO THAT HAS NOT ERUPTED IN RECENT HISTORY AND PROBABLY WILL NOT ERUPT AGAIN.
VENT OPENING IN THE EARTH'S SURFACE.
CRATER STEEP WALLED DEPRESSION AROUND THE VENT OF A VOLCANO.
RIFT DEEP CRACK IN THE EARTH FORMED WHEN TECTONIC PLATES MOVE APART.
SUBDUCTION PROCESS OF ONE TECTONIC PLATE MOVING UNDER ANOTHER.
HOT SPOT VOLCANICALLY ACTIVE PLACE ON EARTH'S SURFACE THAT IS FAR AWAY FROM A PLATE BOUNDARY.
NONEXPLOSIVE ERUPTION RELATIVELY CALM FLOW OF LAVA PASSING ONTO EARTH'S SURFACE.
EXPLOSIVE ERUPTION VIOLENT AND DESTRUCTIVE VOLCANIC ERUPTION.
SHIELD VOLCANO BROAD VOLCANO WITH GENTLY SLOPING SIDES FORMED FROM REPEATED NONEXPLOSIVE ERUPTIONS.
TEPHRA SOLID LAVA AND BITS OF ROCK THAT FALLS FROM THE AIR.
CINDER CONE VOLCANO STEEP-SIDED VOLCANO FORMED FROM EXPLOSIVE ERUPTIONS.
COMPOSITE VOLCANO BROAD BASED VOLCANO WITH STEEPER SIDES FORMED FROM EXPLOSIVE ERUPTIONS FOLLOWED BY QUIETER FLOWS OF LAVA.
BATHOLITH LARGEST INTRUSIVE IGNEOUS ROCK FORMATION.
DIKE IGNEOUS ROCK FORMATION FORMED WHEN MAGMA SQUEEZES INTO VERTICAL CRACKS AND CUTS ACROSS ROCK LAYERS.
SILL IGNEOUS ROCK FORMATION THAT FORMS WHEN MAGMA ENTERS HORIZONTAL CRACKS THAT ARE PARALLEL TO ROCK LAYERS.
VOLCANIC NECK LANDFORM CREATED WHEN A VOLCANO STOPS ERUPTING AND MAGMA HARDENS WITHIN THE VENT.
CALDERA LARGE, SEMICIRCULAR DEPRESSION THAT FORMS WHEN THE MAGMA CHAMBER BELOW PARTIALLY EMPTIES AND CAUSES THE GROUND ABOVE TO SINK.
Created by: smurray817
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