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usually does not contain carbon, and when it does it is bonded with hydrogen inorganic
water is the universal solvent, it does substances that are polare & some ionic compounds polarity
has a slight charge at each end polar
shows the elements & how many as well as how the elemends are bonded structural formulas
shows what elements and how many chemical formula
hydrogen atom & negativee end of another molecule form a bond hydrogen bond
a molecules attraction for another of the same molecule cohesion
the attraction between 2 differenent molecules adhesion
upward movement through a narrow tube against gravity cappilarity
contains carbon bonded to hydrogen organic compounds
determines the characteristics of a compound functional group
single unit monomer
many monomers bonded together polymer
process in which 2 monomers are joined by remaining H20 condensation reaction
process in which break and split polymers are broken down by adding H20 hydrolasis
single sugar monosacchride
same chemcial formula but different structural formula isomers
2 monosaccharides bonded together disaccharide
many monosaccharides bonded together polysaccharide
animals store glucose as the polysaccharide called_______ glycogen
plants store glucose as______ starch
polysaccharide found in plant cell walls cellulose
contain caronbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen proteins
the monomer for proteins is called an _______ amino acid
2 amino acids bonded together is a called a _______ dipeptide
the bond that holds the amino acids together is called a ______ peptide bond
several amino acids bonded together polypeptide
how many polypeptides are in proteins? one or more
most _____ are proteins enzymes
substance that the enyzme works on substrate
fats, oils, waxes, steroids, contain C H O lipid
has a long chain of carbon somwhere fatty acid
made up of 3 fatty acids & 1 alcohol triglyceride
2 fatty acids and one glycerol phospholipid
1 fatty acid and one alcohol wax
ring structure steroid
example of a steroid cholesteral
contain carbon, hydrogen, phospheros, and oxygen nucleid acids
2 kinds of nucleic acid DNA & RNA
hereditary material passed on from one generation from the next DNA
3 thigns in DNA sugar, phosphate group, nitrogen base
4 different bases in DNA adenine, quarine. cytosine, thymine
saturated fats, have no C lipids
RNA consists of sugar, phosphate, nitrogen (adenine, quarine, cytosine, & uracil
Created by: nicole_kunkle