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Stack #50997

LPN: Nutrition- Vitamins

NameSpecific NameFunctionSourcesDeficiency
Vitamin A Retinol adapt to dim light, support normal reproduction & immunity & epithelial lining Animal Sources Only -fortified milk, butter, liver, egg yolk night blindness
Precursor of Vitamin A Carotene adapt to dim light, support normal reproduction & immunity & epithelial lining Vegetables: sweet potatoes, spinach, carrots & Fruit: cantaloupe night blindness
Vitamin D Calciferol/ Cholecaliferol decrease in urinary excretion of Ca Sunlight on skin, fish liver oil, salmon, fortified milk & cereal Rickets & Tetany
Vitamin E Tocopherol Antioxidant & protects cell membrane wheat germ, fortified cereal, margarine/shortening muscle weakness
Vitamin K Menadione Synthesis of blood clotting protein & assist in bone formation Green leafy vegetables: cabbage, spinach, various & Meat: liver Hemorrhaging
Vitamin B1 Thiamine coenzyme in CHO metabolism & nerve function meat:pork, nuts:sunflower seeds, legumes: black beans & black eye peas Beriberi - s/s- fatigue, muscle weakness and wasting
Vitamin B2 Riboflavin coenzyme in protein metabolism legumes, liver, enriched bread & dairy products: eggs, milk & milk products Dermatitis & Aribinoflavinosis
Vitamin B3 Niacin coenzyme in energy metabolism & synthesis of fat acids liver, tuna, chicken breast, enriched cereal & bread Pellagra: s/s - (4 D's) diarrhea, dementia, dermatitis and death
Vitamin B6 Pyridoxine formation of Niacin and forming heme for hemoglobin steak, salmon, nuts, bananas, chicken breast & fortified cereal/grain Dermatitis: s/s- convulsions and irritability
Vitamin B9 Folic Acid/ Folate/ Folacin Formation of red & white blood cells, Amino Acid metabolism, Synthesis of DNA & RNA Enriched cereal, Beef Liver, Oranges & Vegetables: asparagus, broccoli Diarrhea, Macrocytic anemia, Confusion, Fainting, Fatigue
Vitamin B12 Cobalamin Maintain nerve cells & For Folic Acid use in DNA replication Exclusively animal sources/ products: meat, fish, poultry, eggs & cheese Pernicious anemia: s/s- hallucinations, depression, sore tongue, confusion, numbness
Vitamin B5 Pantothenic Acid Metabolism of protein, CHO and fats organ meat, egg yolk, lean meat, poultry *Rare: general failure of all body systems
Vitamin H Biotin coenyzme in metabolism of CHO & fats yeast, liver, egg yolk, soy flour *Rare: s/s- fatigue, depression, dry skin, anorexia
Vitamin C Ascorbic Acid Antioxidant, Promotes iron absorption, Maintains healthy tissue/skin, Adrenaline Vegetables: Tomatoes, Broccoli, Brussels sprouts, Fruits: cantaloupe, strawberries & Juice: orange juice, grapefruit juice Scurvy: s/s- bleeding gums, reopening of scars, softening of long bones, losing teeth, internal hemorrhaging (death)
Created by: mzsxyscarlet