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Interest Groups 11

Interest Group An organization of people with shared policy goals entering the policy process at several points to try to achieve those goals.
Pluralist Theory A theory enphasizing that politics is mainly a competition among groups, each one pressing for its own preferred policies.
Elite Theory A theory contending that societies are divided along class lines and that an upper class elite will rule.
Hyperpluralist Theory A theory contending that groups are so strong that government is weakened.
Subgovernments A netowrk of groups within the American political system that exercise a great deal of control over specific policy ares.
Potential Group All the people who might be interest group members because they share some common interest.
Actual Group The part of the potential group consisting of members who actually join.
Collective Good Something of value that cannot be withheld from a group member.
Free-Rider Problem Problem faced when people do not join because they can benefit from the group's activities without actually joining.
Olson's Law of Large Groups Principle by Mancur Olson stating "thel arger the group, the further it will fall short of providing an optimal amount of a collective good."
Selective Benefits Goods that a group can restrict to those who pay their annual dues.
Single Issue Groups Groups that have a narrow interest, tend to dislike compromise, and often draw memberwhip from people new to politics.
Lobbying Communication by someone other than a citizen acting on own behalf directed to a gov't decision maker to influence a decision.
Electioneering Aiding candidates financially and getting group members out to support them.
Political Action Committees Political funding vehicles created by 1974 campaign finance reforms, PACs are used by interest groups to donate money to candidates.
Amicus Curiae Briefs submitted by a “friend of the court” to raise additional points of view and present information not contained in the briefs of the formal parties.
Class Action Suits lawsuits permit a small number of people to sue on behalf of all other people similar situated.
Union Shop Provision found in some collective bargaining agreements requiring all employees of a busniess to join the union within a short period.
Right to Work Laws State law forbidding requirements that workers must join a union to hold their jobs. Permitted by Taft Harley Act of 1947.
Public Interest Lobbies Organizations that seek "a collective good,the achievment that will not selectively and materially benefit the membership of the organization"
Created by: chrisblake92



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