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Ancient Greece 12

Rozina Gjergji

QuestionAnswer
an area of land nearly surrounded by water peninsula
a long poem that tells a story epic
a high,rocky hill on or near which early people built cities acropolis
a city with it's own traditions and its own government and laws;both a city and a separate independent state city-state
a member of a rich and powerful family aristocrat
a ruler who takes power with the support of the middle and working classes; not necessarily cruel and violent tyrant
as form of government in which citizens govern themselves democracy
a payment made by less powerful state or nation to a more powerful one tribute
someone or something that lives forever immortal
someone who uses reason to understand the world;in Greece, the earliest philosophers used reason to explain natural event philosopher
a type of serious drama that ends in disaster for the main character tragedy
a public market and meeting place in an ancient Greek city agora
the capital city of Greece Athens
a widespread disease plague
the cutting off an area by enemy forces that closes it to travel and trade blockade
a person who belongs to a group that another group considers to be savage or uncivilized barbarian
a murder for political reasons assassinate
describing Greek culture after the death of Alexander the Great,including the three main kingdoms formed by the breakup of Alexander's empire Hellenistic
king of Macedonia; seized power in 359b.c.;conquered the Greek city states father of Alexander the Great King Philip
an ancient kingdom on the Balkan Peninsula in southeastern Europe, the site of the present-day nation of Macedonia, northern Greece, and southwest Bulgaria Macedonia
king of Macedonia(356-323b.c); conquered Persia and Egypt and invaded India;spread Hellenism Alexander the great
ancient Hellenistic city in Egypt Alexandria
an epic poem attributed to Homer, describing Odysseus's adventures in his ten-year attempt to return home to Ithaca after the Trojan War. odyssey
an ancient city in northwestern Anatolia the Asian part of Turkey the site of the mythical Trojan war Troy
Also called Mycenaean Greek . the earliest recorded Greek dialect, written in the Linear B syllabary and dating from the 15th through the 13th centuries b.c. Mycenaean
a peninsula forming the S part of Greece: seat of the early Mycenaean civilization and the powerful city-states of Argos, Sparta, etc. 986,912; 8356 sq. mi. (21,640 sq. km). Peloponnesian
Athenian philosopher of later 400b.c taught through questioning helped from many values of Western culture was put to death for challenging Athenian values Socrates
a vertical row or list column
an arm of the Mediterranean Sea between Greece and Turkey. Aegean Sea
a galley with three rows or tiers of oars on each side, one above another, used chiefly as a warship. Trireme
pertaining to Mount Olympus, in Greece. Olympics
Ochus ), died 404 b.c., king of Persia 424–404 (son of Artaxerxes I). Darius
Athenian leader played a major role in the development of democracy and the Athenian empire Pericles
the spreading of atmospheric constituents or properties by turbulent motion as well as molecular motion of the air. Diffusion
an arm of the Mediterranean between Italy and the Balkan Peninsula. Adriatic Sea
Greek philosopher who was a student of Plato and became a famous teacher wrote about and taught logic politics science and poetry his works became basis for medieval church scholarship Aristotle
an ancient city-state in Greece Sparta
a city in the Attic Peninsula where the Greeks defeated the Persians in 490b.c Marathon
427–347 b.c., Greek philosopher Plato
a literary work such as a play that tells a story and is written to be performed by actors drama
a dialect of ancient Greek spoken on Rhodes and other islands of the Dodecanese, in Crete, in Syracuse, and in all of the Peloponnesus except Arcadia. Doric
a country reigned over by a king, prince, or other monarch Monarchy
Mount, a mountain in NE Greece, on the boundary between Thessaly and Macedonia: mythical abode of the greater Grecian gods. 9730 ft. (2966 m). Mt. Olympus
the supreme deity of the ancient Greeks, a son of Cronus and Rhea, brother of Demeter, Hades, Hera, Hestia, and Poseidon, and father of a number of gods, demigods, and mortals; the god of the heavens, identified by the Romans with Jupiter. Zeus
an island off the SE coast of Greece, W of Athens, in the Gulf of Aegina: Greeks defeated Persians in a naval battle 480 b.c. 20,000; 39 sq. mi. (101 sq. km). Salamis
Classical Mythology . a king of Mycenae, a son of Atreus and brother of Menelaus. He led the Greeks in the Trojan War and was murdered by Clytemnestra, his wife, upon his return from Troy. Agamemnon
a Hebrew unit of capacity equal to ten baths in liquid measure or ten ephahs in dry measure. Homer
an oval or round building with tiers of seats around a central open area, as those used in ancient Rome for gladiatorial contests. Amphitheater
Sea of, a part of the S Aegean Sea lying between the Cyclades Islands and Crete. crete
the greatest Greek warrior in the Trojan War and hero of Homer's Iliad. He killed Hector and was killed when Paris wounded him in the heel, his one vulnerable spot, with an arrow. achilles
a pass in E Greece, between the cliffs of Mt. Oeta and the Gulf of Lamia: Persian defeat of the Spartans 480 b.c. Thermopylae
of or pertaining to the ancient civilization of the island of Crete, dating from about 3000 to 1100 b.c. Minoans
of or pertaining to ancient Troy or its inhabitants. Trojans
a form of government in which citizens govern themselves democracy
an epic poem attributed to Homer, describing Odysseus's adventures in his ten-year attempt to return home to Ithaca after the Trojan War. odyssey
a Greek epic poem describing the siege of Troy, ascribed to Homer. Iliad
Greco-Roman mathematician; known for the Elements, a book on geometry Euclid
king of Persia who reigned 486-465 B.C.E., Gk. Xerxes , from O.Pers. Xayaran, lit. "male (i.e. 'hero') among kings," from Xaya- "king" (cf. shah) + aran "male, man." The Heb. rendition was Ahashwerosh, Ahashresh. Xerxes
it's a type of column that has nice decorating at the top Corinthian
the large sea that separates Europe ans Africa Mediterranean Sea
Physiology . the conversion of absorbed food into the substance of the body. assimilation
died 480 bc , king of Sparta (?490--480), hero of the Battle of Thermopylae, in which he was killed by the Persians under Xerxes Leonidas
1870–75; < Hindi siris, siras; cf. Skt śirīṣa Sirisa
the ancient Greek chthonian goddess of agriculture and the protector of marriage and the social order, identified by the Romans with Ceres. She presided over the Eleusinian mysteries. Demeter
the ancient Greek queen of heaven, a daughter of Cronus and Rhea and the wife and sister of Zeus. Hera
the part of the Mediterranean Sea between SE Italy, E Sicily, and Greece Ionian Sea
an unreasonable fear or hatred of foreigners or strangers or of that which is foreign or strange Xenophobia
The ancient people of the Mediterranean had such faith in Pythia's view of the future that no major decision was made without consulting the Oracle of Delphi first Oracle at Delphi
the temple of Athena Parthenos on the Acropolis at Athens, completed c438 b.c. by Ictinus and Callicrates and decorated by Phidias: regarded as the finest Doric temple. Parthenon
nearness in place, time, order, occurrence, or relation. proximity
c582–c500 b.c., Greek philosopher, mathematician, and religious reformer. Pythagoras
Greek scholar who headed the library at Alexandria; wrote works on many subjects and was a noted astronomer Eratosthenes
the ancient Greek god of fire, metalworking, and handicrafts, identified by the Romans with Vulcan. Hephaestus
the ancient Greek and Roman god of light, healing, music, poetry, prophecy, and manly beauty; the son of Leto and brother of Artemis. Apollo
a ruined city on N central Crete; capital of the ancient Minoan civilization. Knossos
Athenian statesman; made Athens more democratic Solon
the ancient Greek goddess of love and beauty, identified by the Romans with Venus. Aphrodite
the ancient Greek god of the sea, with the power to cause earthquakes, identified by the Romans with Neptune. Poseidon
the government or rule of a tyrant or absolute ruler. Tyranny
of or pertaining to the branch of the Greek people named from Ion, their legendary founder. Ionian
a vast ancient empire of Southwest Asia; the historical name for region in and around present - day Iran Persia
lso, Heracles. Also called Alcides. Classical Mythology . a celebrated hero, the son of Zeus and Alcmene, possessing exceptional strength: among his many adventures were the twelve labors for his cousin Eurystheus, performed in order to gain immortality. Hercules
?527--?460 bc , Athenian statesman, who was responsible for the Athenian victory against the Persians at Salamis (480). He was ostracized in 470 Themistocles
?496--406 bc , Greek dramatist; author of seven extant tragedies: Ajax, Antigone, Oedipus Rex, Trachiniae, Electra, Philoctetes , and Oedipus at Colonus Sophocles
he ancient Greek goddess of victory. Nike
the Greek god of wine, fruitfulness, and vegetation, worshipped in orgiastic rites. He was also known as the bestower of ecstasy and god of the drama, and identified with Bacchus Dionyseus
Also called Cynthia. an ancient Greek goddess, the daughter of Leto and the sister of Apollo, characterized as a virgin huntress and associated with the moon. Compare Diana. Artemis
the ancient Greek herald and messenger of the gods and the god of roads, commerce, invention, cunning, and theft. Compare Mercury. Hermes
(in ancient Greece) a group of heavily armed infantry formed in ranks and files close and deep, with shields joined and long spears overlapping. phalanx
?460--?377 bc , Greek physician, commonly regarded as the father of medicine Hippocrates
a heavily armed foot soldier of ancient Greece hoplite
the Agora, the chief marketplace of Athens, center of the city's civic life. Agora
Created by: rozinaG