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E.S. Ch. 5 vocab

Chapter 5 Vocabulary Practice Terms

the collection of organisms and the conditions that exist in the deep portions of the ocean abyssal ecosystem
the biome that exist above the tree line in mountainous regions alpine tundra
a type of marine or freshwater ecosystem consisting of organism that live on the bottom benthic ecosystem
the amount of oxygen required by microbes to degrade organic molecules in aquatic ecosystems biochemical oxygen demand
a kind of plant and animal community that covers large geographic areas.climate is a major determiner of the biome found in a particular area biome
a broad band of mixed coniferous and deciduous trees that stretches across nother america(and also Europe and Asia);its northermost ewdge is integratedwith the artic tundra boreal forest
last stage of succession; a relatively stable, long-lasting, complex, and interrelated community of plants, animals, fungi, and bacteria climax community
a tropical, shallow-water, marine ecosystem dominated by coral organisms that produce external skeletons coral reef ecosystem
a biome that receives less than 25 centimeters of precipitation per year desert
aquatic vegetation that is rooted on the bottom but has leaves that float on the surface or protrude above the water emergent plants
marine ecosystems that consist of shallow, partially enclosed areas where freshwater enters the ocean estuary
the upper layer in the ocean where the sun's rays penetrate euphotic zone
aquatic ecosystems that have low amounts of dissolved salts freshwater ecosystem
areas receiveing between 25 and 75 centimeters of precipitation per year. grasses are the dominant vegetation, and trees are rare grassland
region that does not have rooted vegetation in a freshwater ecosystem limnetic zone
region with rooted vegetation in a freshwater ecosystem littoral zone
marine shoreline ecosystems dominated by trees that can tolerate high salt concentrations mangrove swamp ecosystem
area of grasses and reeds that is either permanently flooded or flooded for a major part of the year marsh
a broad band of mixed coniferous and deciduous trees that stretches across northern America(and also Europe and Asia);its northernmost edge is integrated with the arctic tundra northern coniferous forest
deep, cold, nutrient-poor lakes that are low in productivity oligotrophic lake
those organisms that swim in open water pelagic
a portion of a marine or freshwater ecosystem that occurs in open water away from the shore pelagic ecosystem
attached organisms in freshwater streams and rivers, including algae, animals, and fungi peripython
permanently frozen soil permafrost
free-floating, microscopic, chlorophyll-containing organisms phytoplankton
the early stages od succession that begin the soil-building process pioneer community
grasslands prairie
succession that begins with bare mineral surfaces or water primary succession
a stage in the successional process seral stage
a stage in succession sere
a grassland in Asia steppe
aquatic vegetation that is rooted on the bottom and has leaves that stay submerged below the surface of the water submerged plants
regular and predictable changes in the structure of a community,ultimately leading to a climax community succession
a stage in succession succession stage
area of trees that is either permanently flooded or flooded for a major part of the year swamp
biome having short, cool summers and long winters with abundant snowfall. the trees are adapted to winter conditions taiga
biome that has a winter-summer change of seasons and that receives 100 centimeters or more of relatively evenly distributed precipitation throughout the year temperate deciduous forest
a biome with warm, relatively constant temperatures where there is no frost. these areas receive more than 200 centimeters of rain per year in rains that fall nearly ever day. tropical rainforest
a biome that lacks trees and has permanently frozen soil tundra
weakly swimming microscopic animals zooplankton
Created by: rburrier