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study guide for lawrence

what type of water has the greatest abundance? oceans
do lakes, rivers, streams contain more or less water than groundwater? less
what type of water would be easiest to access for drinking? why? surface fresh water is the easiest unless you have the technology to drill a well
what volume measurement unit was used to label water classification types of earth? mL and cubic miles
in the loop lake activity, what was the area that was connected by "z's" called? watershed
would the increasing or decreasing of nutrients be harmful in the loop lake activity? increasing
would the increasing or decreasing of turbidity in the loop lake activity be harmful? increasing is harmful
would the increasing or decreasing of dissolved oxygen be in the loop lake activity be harmful? decreasing is harmful
in the watershed activity what are the three types of land that are beneficial to the watershed? why? forests, wetlands, and grasslands. they store a lot of water
why are street and residential areas bad for the watershed? they don't store water causing runoff
why is conserving water important? (your own reason)
what are three ways to conserve water? stopping leakage, using gray water, don't leave water running
how can you improve the health of a watershed in a construction site? build a fence around a house to catch sliding soil etc. if the house is on a hill
how can a homeowner improve the health of a watershed? cleaning up their messes so that they don't seep into the soil and ruin the water underneath
how can farmers improve the health of a watershed? by not using too much fertilizers
pollution plume An area of a stream or aquifer containing degraded water resulting from migration of a pollutant.
infiltration the process by which water penetrates into soil from the ground surface, or the penetration of water from the soil into a sewer system
runoff the water from rain, snowmelt or irrigation that flows over the land surface and is not absorbed into the ground, instead flowing into streams or other surface waters or land depressions
transpiration evaporation from vegetation and the soil
precipitation water falling to earth
unconfined aquifer An aquifer in which there are no confining beds between the capillary fringe and land surface
dissolved oxygen measure of the amount of oxygen that is dissolved or carried
turbidity muddiness created by stirring up sediment
nutrients/fertilizers chemical that an organism needs to live and grow or a substance
confined aquifer underground layer of water-bearing permeable rock or unconsolidated materials (gravel, sand, silt, or clay) from which groundwater can be usefully extracted using a water well
wetlands an area of land whose soil is saturated with moisture either permanently or seasonally
contour lines a line drawn on a map connecting points of equal height
glacier a slowly moving mass of ice
state standard The stable and pure form of a substance at standard pressure and a specified temperature
Created by: tsagef