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Unit 6

Using Medical Abbreviations

2 tsp syp per os 2 teaspoons syrup by mouth
NPO pre-op @ 12 MN nothing by mouth before surgery at 12 midnight
An EMT does CPR to prevent DOA an emergency medical technician does cardiopulmonary resuscitation to prevent dead on arrival
VS: TPR and BP qid vital signs: temperature, pulse, respiration, and blood pressure four times a day
Ht and Wt qod in am height and weight every other day in the morning
2 cc IM inj LUQ 2 cubic centimeters intramuscular injection left upper quadrant
R/O CVA, do EEG in OPD rule out a cerebrovascular accident, do an electroencephalogram in the outpatient department
C&S for GC culture and sensitivity for gonococcus
Sig: 500 mg Ca (1 Cap) po bid q12h give the following directions: 500 milligrams calcium (1 capsule) by mouth twice a day every 12 hours
FFl to 60 ml qh and record I force fluids to 60 milliliters every hour and record intake and output
Do CBC c Hgb, hct, and Diff do a complete blood count with hemoglobin, hematocrit, and differential white blood cell count
ECG in ER stat electrocardiogram in emergency room immediately
An MD can specialize in Ob or Gyn a medical doctor can specialize in obstetrics or gynecology
ss tab po tid q8h one-half tablet by mouth three times a day every 8 hours
CBR c BSC only complete bed rest with bedside commode only
To Lab for GTT, FBS, and BUN to laboratory for glucose tolerance test, fasting blood sugar, and blood urea nitrogen
AP q2h in CCU apical pulse every two hours in coronary care unit
Check K, Na, Cl, Fe, and P+ check potassium, sodium, chloride, iron, and phosphorus
1000 cc SSE prn for BM 1000 cubic centimeter soap solution enema whenever necessary for bowel movement
To PT for ROM per w/c bid to physical therapy for range of motion by wheelchair twice a day
O2 sos for SOB oxygen if necessary for shortness of breath
4 gtts OS qd @ noct 4 drops in the left eye every day at night
NO supervises RN, LPN, NA, and SPN nursing office supervises registered nurse, licensed practical nurse, nurse aide or assistant, and student practical nurse
To OT for ADL to occupational therapy for activities of daily living
Do BE, GB, and GI XR do barium enema, gallbladder, and gastrointestinal X-ray
Take Ax or R T p T Take an axillary or rectal temperature after tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy
D/C 500 cc D/W IV sol discontinue 500 cubic centimeters dextrose in water intravenous solution
Collect ur spec for SpGr and PKU collect urine specimen for specific gravity and phenylketonuria
Dx: COPD, IPPB q8h diagnosis: chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, intermittent positive pressure breathing every 8 hours
In Roman numerals, C>L in Roman numerals, 100 is greater than 50
2 gtts AU ac and HS 2 drops in both ears before meals and at hour of sleep
30 ml MOM or LOC prn 30 milliliters milk of magnesia or laxative of choice whenever necessary
Up ad lib and DAT up as desired and diet as tolerated
B&B, BRP q2h bowel and bladder training, bathroom privileges every 2 hours
etiol of AIDS is HIV etiology of acquired immune deficiency syndrome is human immunodeficiency virus
Dx: CHF, amb as tol diagnosis: congestive heart failure, ambulate as tolerated
R/O PID, do IVP and KUB XR rule out pelvic inflammatory disease, do an intravenous pyelogram and kidney, ureter, bladder X-ray
Rx: 3 tab po tid q8h prescription: 3 tablets by mouth three times a day every 8 hours
FUO, R/O staph or strep fever of unknown origin, rule out staphylococcus or streptococcus infection
CDC and NIH are divisions of the DHHS Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and National Institutes of Health are divisions of the Department of Health and Human Services
Add 40 mEq KCl to IV add 40 milliequivalents potassium chloride to intravenous
gr X ASA prn HA grain 10 aspirin whenever necessary for headache
R/O STD, do PAP and VDRL rule out sexually transmitted disease, do Papanicolaou test and serology for syphilis
Dx: TIA, do ABG and NVS diagnosis: transient ischemic attack, do arterial blood gas and neurological vital signs
mix ss pt aa H2O and H2O2 mix one-half pint of each water and hydrogen peroxide
irr NG c 2 oz N/S pc irrigate nasogastric tube with 2 ounces of normal saline after meals
­ HOB 45 degrees sos SOB elevate the head of the bed 45 degrees if necessary for shortness of breath
Convert lb to Kg and in to cm convert pounds to kilograms and inches to centimeters
Bill CT to HMO or PPO bill computerized tomography to health maintenance organization or preferred provider organization
BP is measured in mm of Hg blood pressure is measured in millimeters of mercury
Dx: MI and BBB, to CCU, ABG diagnosis: myocardial infarction and bundle branch block, to coronary care unit, arterial blood gas
Cath ur spec for C catheter urine specimen for culture and sensitivity
Dx: TB, TCDB q2h diagnosis: tuberculosis, turn, cough, and deep breathe every two hours
Pituitary gland secretes TSH, GH, and FSH pituitary gland secretes thyroid stimulating hormone, growth hormone, and follicle stimulating hormone
Dx: IDDM, check S diagnosis: insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, check sugar and acetone
1000 mg Ca is RDA 1000 milligrams calcium is recommended daily allowance
TPN of 1000 ml N/S q8h total parenteral nutrition of 1000 milliliters normal saline every eight hours
Dx: MS, do EMG diagnosis: multiple sclerosis, do an electromyogram
Sig: 2 gtts OS qAM give the following directions: 2 drops in left eye every morning
ophthalmoscope instrument for examining the eye
oliguria less than normal urine
atrophy without nutrition
hepatitis inflammation of the liver
cephalgia head pain
proctologist person who studies diseases of rectum
hypoglycemia low blood sugar
gastroenteritis inflammation of stomach and intestine
cholelithiasis condition of stones in the gallbladder
bradycardia slow heart rate
transdermal across the skin
aphasia without speech
dysphagia difficult swallowing
hydrophobia fear of water
craniotomy cutting into the skull
otoscopy diagnostic examination of the ear
bilateral two sides, both sides
hysterectomy surgical removal of the uterus
cyanosis condition of blueness
pathology study of disease or abnormal condition
paraplegia paralysis of lower half of body
pseudomyoma false muscle tumor or swelling
microcytemia small blood cell
homogenous same kind or type
histology study of tissue
tracheostomy creation of an opening in trachea or windpipe
hydrocele enlarged space or chamber of water
electrocardiograph instrument for recording heart
dyspnea difficult or painful breathing
thrombocytopenia lack of clotting cells
mastectomy surgical removal of the breast
periencephalitis inflammation around the brain
phleboplasty surgical correction of vein
nephrogenetic originating in the kidney
rhinostenosis condition of narrowing in nose
dysmenorrhagia difficult or painful excessive or sudden monthly flow
arteriosclerosis condition of hardening in arteries
polydactyl many fingers
intercostal between the ribs
litholysis destruction or dissolving of stone
hematuria blood in the urine
bronchiectasis expansion of air tubes in lungs
osteochondroma tumor of bone and cartilage
leukocyte white blood cell
glossopharyngeal pertaining to the tongue and throat (pharynx)
pseudoneuroma false tumor of a nerve
ectoderm outside the skin
pleurocentesis surgical puncture to remove fluid from the side or rib
hyperopia excessive or more than normal vision
neopathy new disease
dermatologist person who studies the skin
hematuria blood in the urine
polycythemia excessive blood cells
pseudoappendicitis false inflammation of the appendix
septicemia blood poison or rot
myasthenia muscle weakness or lack of strength
thoracentesis surgical puncture to remove fluid in thorax or chest
oophorectomy surgical removal of an ovary
pyorrhea flow or discharge of pus
amenorrhea without menstrual flow
Created by: votec