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Chapter 7 Vo

Chapter 7 Vocabulary

Caucus (congressional) An association of members of COngress created to advocate a political ideology or a regional, ethnic, or economic interests.
Congressional Campaign Committee A party committee in Congress that provides funds to members who are running for reelection or to would-be members running for an open seat or challenging a candidate from the opposition party.
Critical or Realigning Periods Periods during sharp, lasting shift occurs in the popular coalition supporting one or both parties. The issues that separate the two parties change, and so the kinds of voters supporting each party change.
Ideological Party A party that values principled stands on issues above all else, including winning. It claims to have a comprehensive view of American society and government radically different from that of the established parties.
Mugwumps or Progressive The faction in the Republican party of the 1890s to the 1910s composed of reformers who opposed the usage of patronage and party bosses and favored the leadership experts.
National Chairman A paid, full-time manager of a party's day-to-day work who is elected by a national committee.
National Committee A committee of delegates from each state and territory that runs party affairs between national conventions
National Convention A meeting of party delegates elected in state primaries, caucuses, or conventions that is held every four years. Its primary purpose is to nominate presidential and vice presidential candidates and to ratify a campaign platform.
Personal Following The political support provided to a candidate on the basis of personal popularity and networks.
Plurality System An electoral system, used in almost all American electrons, in which the winner is the person who gets the most votes, even if he or she does not receive a majority of the votes.
Political Machine A party organization that recruits its members by dispensing patronage- tangible incentives- and that is characterized by a high degree of leadership control over member activity.
Political Party A group that seeks to elect candidates to public office by supplying them with a label by which they are known to the electorate.
Solidary Incentives Social rewards that lead people to join local or state political organization.
Split Ticket Voting fro candidates of different parties for various offices in the same election.
Sponsored Party A local or state political party that is largely staffed and funded by another organization with established networks in the community.
Straight Ticket Voting for candidates who are all of the same party.
Superdelegates Party leaders and elected officials who become delegates to the national convention without having to run in primaries or caucuses.
Two-Party System An electoral system with two dominant parties that compete in state or national elections.
Created by: maria.azcueta



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