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Food and Energy

Section 3-1

Nutrients The substances in food that provide the raw materials and energy the body needs to carry out all the essential process.
calorie the amount of the energy needed to raise the temperature of one gram of water by one Celsuis degree.
Carbohydrates Nutrients composed of carbon, oxygen, and hydrogen.
Glucose The major source of energy for your body's cells.
Fiber A complex carbohydrate found in plant foods.
Fats High- energy nutrients that are composed of carbon, oxygen, and hydrogen.
Unsaturated Fats Usually liquid at room temperature.
Saturated Fats Usually solid at room temperature.
Cholestrol A waxy, fat- like substance found only in animal products.
Proteins Nutrients that contain nitrogen as well as carbon, hydrogen, oxygen.
Amino Acids Proteins made up of small units that are linked together to form protein molecules.
Vitamins Act as helper molecules in a variety of chemical reactions within the body.
Minerals Nurients that are not made by living things.`
Water The most impoirtant nutrient because the body's vital process.
Created by: emmie.lewis