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Ch.7 Political Parti


political party a group that seeks to elect candidates to public office by supplying them with a label--a "party identification"--by which they are known to elaborate
mugwumps or progressives the faction in the Republican party of the 1890's to the 1910's composed of reformers who opposed the use of partonage and party bosses and favored the leadership experts.
critical or realigning periods periods during which a sharp, lasting shift occurs in the popular coalition supporting one or both parties. The issues that seperate the 2 parties change, and so the kinds of voters supporting each party change.
split ticket voting for candidates of diff. parties for various offices in the same election
straight ticket voting for candidates who are all of the same party
office-bloc ballot a ballot listing all candidates for a given office under the name of that office; called "Massachusetts" ballot
party-column ballot a ballot listing all candidates of a given party together under the name of the party; also called "Indiana" ballot
national convention a meeting of party delegates elected in state primaries, caucuses, or conventions that is held every 4 years
national committee a committee of delegates from each state and territory that runs party affairs between national conventions
congressional campaign committee a party committee in Congress that provides funds to members who are running for reelection or to would-be members running for an open seat or challenging a candidate from the oppostion party
nationl chairman a paid, full-time manager of a party's day-to-day work who is elected by the national committee
superdelegates party leaders and elected officals who become delegates to the national convention without having to run in priamary or caucuses
political machine a party organization that recruits its members by the use of tangible incentives--money, political jobs, an opportunity to get favors from gov.
ideology party a party that values principled stands on issues above all else, including winning.
solidary incentives the social rewards that lead ppl to join local or state political organizations
sponsored party a local or state political party that is largely staffed and funded by another organization with established networks in the community.
personal following the political support provided to a candidate on the basis of personal popularity and networks
two-party system an electoral system with the 2 dominant parties that compete in state or national elections. third is the largest of these.
plurality system an electoral system, used in almost all American elections , in which the winner is the person who gets the most votes.
caucus (congressional) an association of members of Congress created to advocate a political ideology or a regional, ethnic, or economic interest.
Created by: LCL