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med term

med term chapter 12

QuestionAnswer
adenoid/o adenoids
alveol/o alveolus, air sack
bronch/o bronchial tube, bronchus
bronchi/o bronchial tube, bronchus
bronchiol/o bronchiole, small bronchus
capn/o carbon dioxide
coni/o dust
cyan/o blue
epiglott/o epiglottis
laryng/o larynx, voice box
lob/o lobe of the lung
mediastin/o mediastinum
nas/o nose
orth/o straight, upright
ox/o oxygen
pector/o chest
pharyng/o pharynx, throat
phon/o voice
phren/o diaphragm
pleur/o pleura
pneum/o air, lung
pneumon/o air, lung
pulmon/o lung
rhin/o nose
sinus/o sinus
spir/o breathing
tel/o complete
thorac/o chest
tonsill/o tonsils
trache/o trachea, windpipe
-ema condition
-osmia smell
-pnea breathing
-ptysis spitting
-sphyxia pulse
-thorax pleural cavity, chest
auscultation listening to sounds within the body
percussion tapping on a surface to determine the difference in the density of the underlying structure
pleural rub scratchy sound produced by pleural surfaces rubbing against each other
rales (crackles) fine crackling sounds heard on auscultation (during inhalation) when there is fluid in the alveoli
rhonchi (singular rhonchus) loud rumbling sounds heard on ascultation of bronchi obstructed by sputum
sputum material expelled from the bronchi, lungs, or upper respiratory tract by spitting
C & S culture and sensitivity (used to identify sputum pathologies)
stridor strained, high-pitched sound heard on inspiration caused by obstruction in the pharynx or larynx
wheezes continuous high-pitched whistling sounds produced during breathing
croup acute viral infection of infants and children with obstruction of the larynx, barking cough, and stridor
epistaxis nosebleed
asthma chronic bronchial inflammatory disorder with airway obstruction due to bronchial edema and constriction and increased mucus production
bronchiectasis chronic dilation of a bronchus secondary to infection
palliative releaves symptoms, but is not cured
chronic bronchitis inflammation of bronchi persisting over a long time; type of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
atelectasis collapsed lung; incomplete expansion of alveoli
emphysema hyperinflation of air sacs with destruction of alveolar walls
pneumoconiosis abnormal condition caused by dust in the lungs, with chronic inflammation
anthracosis coal dust (black lung disease)
asbestosis particles in lung (shipbuilding/construction)
silicosis glass in lung (grinder's disease)
byssinasis "brown lung" (dust from fibers)
nonsocomial pneumonia hospital-acquired pneumonia
pulmonary embolism (PE) clot or other material lodges in vessels of the lung
sarcoidosis chronic inflammatory disease in which small nodules (granulomas) develop in lungs, lymph nodes, and other organs
mesothelioma rare malignant tumor arising in the pleura
pleural effusion abnormal accumulation of fluid in the pleural space (cavity)
pneumothorax collection of air in the pleural space
bronchoscopy fiberoptic endoscope examination of the bronchial tubes
pulmonary function tests (PFTs) tests that measure the ventilation mechanics of the lungs
thoracentesis surgical puncture to remove fluid from the pleural space
tracheostomy surgical creation of an opening into the trachea through the neck
tuberculin test determines past or present tuberculous infection based on positive skin reaction
tube thoracostomy chest tube is passed through an opening in the chest to continuously drain a pleural effusion
ARDS acute respiratory distress syndrome
Bronch bronchoscopy
CO2 carbon dioxide
COPD Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
CPAP continuous positive airway pressure
CPR cardiopulmonary resuscitation
CXR chest x ray
PCP pneumocystis pneumonia (deals with AIDS)
PE pulmonary embolism
PFTs pulmonary function tests
PPD purified protein derivative
RDS respiratory distress syndrome
SOB shortness of breath
TB tuberculosis
V/Q Scan ventilation-perfusion scan
internal respiration (cellular respiration) involves exchange of gases at the level of the cells within all organs of the body
external respiration exchange of air at the lungs
adenoids lymphatic tissue in the nasopharynx; pharyngeal tonsils
Created by: sld975