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Science 8-1 Vocab

Um.... vocab?

Organism all living things
Cell basic unit of structure and function in all living this
Unicellular single-celled organism
Multicellular are organisms composed of many cells
Autotrophs organisms that can make their own foods
Heterotrophs organisms that cannot make their own food
Homeostasis the maintenance of stable interal conditions
The Levels of Classification KPCOFGS: Kingdom, Phylum, Class, Order, Family, Genes, Species
Taxonomy the scientific study of how all living things are classified
Binomial Nomenclature the naming system Linnaeus used
Virus is a tiny, nonliving particle that enters and then reproduces inside a living cell
Host is an organism that provides a source of energy for a virus or another organism
Parasite an organism that lives on or in a host and causes it harm
bacteriophage is a virus that infects nacteria
Bacteria single- celled organisms are prokaryotes (the genetic material in their cells is not contained in a nucleus)
Flagellum a long, whiplike structure that helps a cell to move
Binary Fission one cell divides to form two identical cells, bacteria reproduced
Asexual Reproduction- is a reproductive process that involves only one parent and produces offspring that are identical to the parent
Sexual Reproduction involves two parents who combine their genetic material to produce a new organism, which differs from both parents
Conjugation a process in which one bacterium transfers some of its genetic material into another bacterium through a thin, threadlike bridge that joins the two cells
Endospore is a small, rounded, think-walled cell that forms inside a bacteria cell
Nucleus a dense area in a cell that contains nucleic acids
Created by: westemily