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Apologia Gen.Science

Apologia Exploring Creation with General Science Module 2

Name, Term, or ConceptDescription/Definition
counter-example an example that contradicts a conclusion
hypothesis an educated guess that attempts to explain an observation or answer a question
theory a hypothesis that has been tested with a significant amount of evidence. Usually explains why an event happens.
scientific law description of natural phenomena that is supported by a significant amount of evidence and often includes a mathematical term. Doesn't explain why the phenomenon occurs.
True or False: Science can never prove anything. True
True or False: Heavier objects fall faster than lighter objects. False
air resistance refers to the fact that air actually slows objects as they fall (Sir Isaac Newton)
True or False: In the absence of air, ALL objects, regardless of weight or shape, fall at the same rate. True
What does it take to destroy a scientific law? A single counter-example.
Steps of the Scientific Method 1. Make observations and ask questions 2. Background Research 3 Form a hypothesis 3. Perform experiments 4. Analyze results and draw conclusions 5. If your hypothesis is not supported, go back and change hypothesis or redesign experiment.
What are the three limitations of science? 1. it cannot prove anything 2. it is not 100% settled 3. it must conform to the scientific method.
Percival Lowell hypothesized that the criss-crossed line observed on Mars were actually canals used for water distribution.
Can any subject be studied by science? Yes, as long as the scientific method is used.
observation Allows the scientist to collect data
Operational Science Relies on observable, repeatable experiments to discover truth
Historical Science Relies on relics & historical records from the past to make educated assumptions as we examine evidence we can see today.
Created by: ajwage
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