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Biology 1406 Test #3

Organisms that build organic molecules from inorganic compounds autotrophs
organisms that obtain organic molecules by eating other organisms or their by-products heterotrophs
making of atp by using energy from H+ gradient - includes chemiosmosis and oxidative phosphorylation chemiosmosis
series of enzymatically catalyzed reactions ex. cellular respiration biochemical pathways
reactions not requiring oxygen anaerobic
reactions requiring oxygen aerobic
protein complex in the christae, makes atp from adp and pi atp synthase
occurs by all organisms in the mitochondria - energy comes from food indirectly making ATP oxidative phosphorylation
nadh produce how many atp 3
fadh2 produce how many atp 2
is more energy made through substrate level or chemiosmosis chemiosmosis
what is the balanced equation for cellular respiration c6h12o6 ----> 6co2+6h2o+36atp
which phosphorylation includes photophosphorylation and oxidative phos? chemiosmosis
phosphorylated substrate will catabolize to release the phosphate substrate level phos
where does glycolysis take place cytosol
where does oxidation of pyruvate take place mitochondria
where does krebs cycle take place mitochondria
where does oxidative phos take place mitochondria
what is the reactant and product for glycolysis glucose: pyruvate, ATP and NADH
what is the reactant and product for oxidation of pyruvate pyruvate: co2, NADH, acetyl
what is the reactant and product for citric acid cycle acetyl: NADH, FADH2, ATP and CO2
if a reaction is aerobic where does it occur? mitochondria
how does oxidative phosphorylation take place? collects products of other stages and converts to ADP
which cycle produces the most ATP? Citric acid cycle
How many gross and net ATPs are produced by total oxidation of one mole of glucose? 38 and 36
how many atp will one mole of glucose yield in cellular respiration 36
how many kcal will one mole of glucose yield in cellular respiration -263kcal. 36*-7.3
how many atp will one mole of glucose yield in fermentation 2
how many kcal will one mole of glucose yield in cellular respiration -14.6 kcal. 2*-7.3
how efficient is cellular respiration 38%
how efficient is fermentation 2%
how efficient are cars 25%
2 types of fermentation alcoholic and lactic acid
biochemical pathway of lactic acid fermentation glucose->2 lactates->2 atp
biochemical pathway of alcoholic fermentation glucose->2 ethanol and 2 co2->2 atp
which type of cells use lactic acid fermentation muscle cells
which type of cells use alcoholic fermentation yeast
the hydrolysis of one atp to adp + phosphate will yield how many kcal -7.3
the hydrolysis of one adp to atp + phosphate will require how many kcal 7.3
the inner folded membrane is where what takes place oxidative phosphorylation
what is produced in the matrix co2
why dont you oxidize every molecule of food that is ingested some are to provide raw materials for others
in cellular respiration what is the final electron acceptor in the etc and what is formed? oxygen and water
balanced equation for photosynthesis 6co2+12h2o+light ----> c6h12o6+6o2+6h2o
an organism, obtaining energy from sunlight as its source of energy to convert inorganic materials into organic materials for use in cellular functions photoautotrophs
pigment disorder, cannot repair uv damage Xeroderma pigmentosum
range of all possible frequencies of radiation electromagnetic spectrum
particle of light photon
shorter wavelengths = higher energy
longer wavelenths= lower energy
what color do carotenes not absorb orange
what color do xanthophylls not absorb yellow
what color do chlorophyll as not absorb blue green
what color do chlorophyll bs not absorb green yellow
are light reactions endergonic or exergonic exergonic
are dark reactions exergonic or endergonic endergonic
dark reactions are called calvin cycle
reactants and products of light reactions o2; nadph and atp
reactants and products of dark reactions co2; sugar, water, nadp+ and adp
where do light reactions take place stroma
where do dark reactions take place thylakoid membrane
clusters of a few hundred pigment molecules photosystems
what is difference between ps1 and ps2 protein around photosystem
ps1 absorbs light best at 700nm
ps2 absorbs light best at 680nm
in photosynthesis, what is the final electron acceptor and what is formed nadp+ forms nadph
where does nadph get electrons from ps1
where does photosystem 1 get electrons from ps2
where does photosystem 2 get electrons from water
Created by: hannah317

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