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Unit 8

Cultural Diversity

Health care workers must always respect the individuality of each person.
Culture is defined as the values, beliefs, languages, symbols, behaviors, and customs unique to a particular group of people.
Influenced by culture Family relations, child rearing, education, occupational choice, social interactions, religious beliefs, food preferences, and health care
Different races are present in most ethnic groups.
Every individual has and will continue to create new and changing blends of values and beliefs.
Every individual is prejudiced to some degree.
Affects care of children, the sick, and the elderly. family structure
Lack of eye contact can indicate respect.
Every individual has the right to choose the type of health care system and method of treatment he or she feels is best.
To determine a patient’s health care preferences, the health care provider should talk with the patient and ask questions.
Religious beliefs can determine health care beliefs.
In order to care for patients in a holistic manner, a health care worker must have some awareness of different religious beliefs
The key to respecting cultural diversity is to regard each person as a unique individual.
Every individual adopts beliefs and forms a pattern of behavior based on culture, ethnicity, race, life experiences, and religion.
Some individuals will not express pain verbally.
Every effort must be made to allow an individual to express his or her beliefs, practice any religious rituals, and/or follow a special diet.
Statistics from the U.S. Census bureau verify that almost 20 percent of the population under age 65 speaks a language other than English at home.
Characteristics of culture social in nature, learned.
Germany, Italy and Russia Countries of origin for European Americans
Jordan, Saudi Arabia and Egypt Countries of origin for Middle Eastern/Arabic Americans
The belief that college-educated individuals are superior to uneducated individuals is an example of a/an bias
The belief that all teenagers are reckless drivers is an example of a/an ____. stereotype
1. ask questions and encourage questions 2. evaluate all information before forming an opinion 3. be aware of your own values and beliefs Examples of ways to avoid bias, prejudice, and stereotyping
nuclear family A family that consists of a mother, father, and children
use nonverbal communication, use gestures or pictures to clarify the meaning of words, use simple words Methods to use while providing care to people who have limited English-speaking abilities
meditation, biofeedback, and hypnotherapy Mind and body control methods of alternative health care
Prohibits the use of blood or blood products Jehovah’s Witness
The cultural group that believes health is a balance of two energy forces, yin and yang, is Asian
A religion that discourages organ donation but allows it to be an individual’s decision is Christian Science
Classification of people based on physical or biological characteristics Race
Ability to recognize and appreciate the personal characteristics of others Sensitivity
Family structure in which the mother or oldest female is the authority figure Matriarchal
Classification of people based on national origin and/or culture Ethnicity
Process of learning the beliefs and behaviors of a dominant culture and assuming some of its characteristics Acculturation
Assumption that everyone in a particular group is the same Stereotyping
Beliefs individuals have about themselves, their connections with others, and their relationship with a higher power Spirituality
individuals who believe in the supremacy of their own ethnic group Ethnocentric
Preference that inhibits impartial judgment Bias
Person who believes that the existence of a God cannot be proved or disproved Agnostic
A strong feeling that is formed without reviewing facts or information Prejudice
Acupuncture, faith healing, organic foods, yoga Types of treatments used by alternative health care.
Christian Scientist, jehovah's Witness Prohibit blood transfusions.
Religions that require that a religious representative be present at the time of death. Buddhism, Russian Orthodox
Individuals who believe in the supremacy of their own ethnic group are called Ethnocentric
Type of health care provides for the well-being of the whole person and meets physical, social, and mental needs? Holistic health care
Eye contact, gestures, language, personal space, religion Areas of cultural diversity that a health care worker may encounter.
Eye contact, gestures, language, personal space, religion Areas of cultural diversity that a health care worker may encounter.
Created by: Health Science