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ES Chap 4 Vocab

Vocabulary from Chapter 4, Karbler's BMA classes

Biotic Factor An environmental factor that is associated with or results from the activities of living organisms
Abiotic Factor Describes the nonliving part of the environment, including water, rocks, light, and temperature
Biosphere The part of the Earth where life exists
Ecosystem A community of organisms and their abiotic environment
Community A group of various species that live in the same habitat and ineract with each other
Species A group of organisms that are closely related and can mate to produce fertile offspring
Population A group of organisms of the same species that live in a specific geographical area and interbreed
Organism A living thing, anything that can carry out life processes independently
Habitat The place where an organism usually lives
Natrual Selection The process by which individuals that are better adapted to their environment survive and reproduce more successfully than less well adapted individuals do
Evolution A heritable change in the characteristics within a population from one generation to the next; the development of new types of organisms from preexisting types over time
Adaptation The process of becoming adapted to an environment; an anatomical, physiological, or behavioral change that improves a population's ability to survive
Artifical Selection The selective breeding of organisms (by humans) for speicific desirable characterisitics
Resistance The ability of an organism to tolerate a chemical or disease-causing agent
Archaebacteria A kingdom made up of prokaryotes that are distinguished from other prokaryotes by differences in their genetics and in the makeup of their cell wall
Eubacteria A kingdom made up of all prokaryotes except those in Archaebacteria
Fungus A kingdom that contains organisms whose cells have nuclei, rigid cell walls, and no cholorphyll
Protist A diverse group of one-celled organisms and their many-celled relatives
Gymnosperm A woody vascular seed plant whose seeds are not enclosed by an ovary or fruit
Angiosperm A flowering plant that produces seeds within a fruit
Invertebrate An animal that does not have a backbone
Vertebrate An animal that has a backbone; includes mammals, birds, reptiles, amphibians and fish
Hereditary Meaning passed from parent to offspring
Coevolution Process by which two species evolve in response to long-term interactions with each other
Created by: jkarbler