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Apologia Anatomy

Apologia Anatomy & Physiology 7th grade

What are the 3 kinds of muscle tissue in your body? Skeletal, Smooth and Cardiac
Is skeletal muscle voluntary or involuntary? voluntary
Is smooth muscle voluntary or involuntary? involuntary
Is cardiac muscle voluntary or involuntary? involuntary
What is muscle tone? Partial contraction of your muscles throughout the day
What are tendons? the tough fibers that connect your skeletal muscles to your bones
Where is your Achilles tendon? in the back of your ankle
What are antagonistic muscles? muscles that work opposite each other
What do muscles cells have a lot of that give them energy? mitochondria
What things help muscles move? glucose, oxygen, vitamins, and minerals
What do muscles need in order to grow? Protein and exercise
How do you keep your cardiac muscles strong? by elevating your heart rate for 30 minutes or more several times each week
Name some places where smooth muscle is found in your body? blood vessels, stomach, intestines and bladder
Name the muscle that connects to the back of the pelvic girdle and femur. gluteus maximus
What is the way the eye moves during sleep called? rapid eye movement
What is another name for skeletal muscles? (Called this because you can control them by thinking about controlling them) voluntary muscles
Muscles that close the joints. flexor muscles
What is a cellular waste product that is created when energy is produced anaerobically? lactic acid
Muscles that open the joints wider. extensor muscles
What is the type of energy production that requires oxygen? aerobic
Name the tendon that attaches the calf muscle to the heel bone. Achilles tendon
What is the type of energy generation that occurs when there is an inadequate supply of oxygen in that cell? anaerobic
What is the condition that occurs when a muscle is underused and therefore becomes weak and shrinks? atrophy
What are the small strips of protein located inside each myofibril called? filaments
The muscles that are attached to and move your muscles. skeletal muscles
Name the muscle that closes the mouth and keeps it closed. masseter
What are pairs of muscles or muscles groups that act to pull a bone in opposite directions called? antagonist muscles
What is the condition called when the tendons are overused and become inflamed? tendonitis
What type of muscle forms much of the heart? cardiac muscle
What is the sugar that the human body turns certain foods into? (It can be used to make energy to power muscle cells.) glucose
These connect skeletal muscles to bones. tendons
What is the type of action whereby muscles move involuntarily? reflexive
This is produced when muscles are partially contracted. muscle tone
What are the strands of protein inside skeletal muscle cells called? myofibrils
Where are smooth muscles found? places like blood vessels, stomach, intestines, and bladder
Where is cardiac muscle found? the heart
Review booklets that were made for this lesson in case there is extra info in them. .
Know what 3 types of muscles look like (see pg 66 of your book) .
Be able to label a muscle cell (see pg 60 of your book) .
Extra credit: be able to label biceps, triceps, gluteus maximus, trapezius, pectoralis, deltoid and quadricep muscles (don't worry about spelling) .
Created by: amcollins
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