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Glucagon

QuestionAnswer
Type Pancreatic hormone
Pres Vial containing 1 International Unit of Glucagon, as a dry powder, with a syringe containing 1 ml of diluting solution.
Action Causes the liver to metabolise stores of glycogen to Glucose, resulting in a rise in the blood glucose level. Only effective if liver glycogen is available. Onset: IM 5 – 20 minutes
Use Treatment of hypoglycaemia, BGL < 4 mMol/L, when oral or intravenous Glucose cannot be administered.
Adv Effects Very rare 1. Nausea and vomitin 2. Very occasional hypersensitivity
Contras Known hypersensitivity
Dose Adult: 1 International Unit (IU), IM Paediatric: wt < 20kg (approx. 5 yrs): 0.5 International Unit IM wt > 20kg: 1 International Unit IM Single dose only
Note Patients who respond to Glucagon should eat, to prevent later development of further hypoglycaemia. Recheck BGL following treatment.
Created by: mattypepper