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AP NSL Ch 3 Vocab

QuestionAnswer
AFDC Provided financial assistance for children whose families have low or no income
Alexander Hamilton Wrote majority of the federalist papers and helped to write the Constitution.
Block Grants Grants of money from the fed gov't given to states for use in general areas rather than for specific programs
Categorical Grants Federal grants for specific purposes such as building an airport.
Conditions of Aid Terms set by the nat gov't that the states must meet if they wish to receive fed funds.
Confederation Political system in which states or regional gov'ts retain ultimate authority except for the powers that are expressly delegated otherwise.
Devolution Shift of responsibilities from the nat gov't to state gov'ts
Dual Federalism Nat gov't is supreme in its own sphere and state gov'ts are supreme in their own spheres. Spheres should be kept separate.
Federal System The sovereignty is shared so that on some matters the nat gov't is supreme and in others the states are.
Federal Republic Federation of states with a republican form of gov't.
Grant-in-aid money given by the nat gov't to the states.
Initiative Process that permits voters to put legislative measures directly on the ballot.
Intergovernmental Lobby Local and state gov'ts and their agencies lobby the federal gov't for their desired funds.
Insterstate commerce Trade among states.
Intrastate Commerce Trade between states.
land grant colleges Money granted to states so they can build colleges.
James Madison Principal author of the Constitution and 4th president of the US.
Mandates Terms set by fed gov't that the states must meet whether or not they accept fed grants.
Medicaid Health program for people with low income and resources.
Model Cities An element of LBJ's Great Society and War on Poverty meant to improve troubled cities.
National Interests The interests of the country.
Necessary and Proper Clause Gives Congress the ability to carry out its assigned duties.
Nullification The state can declare null and void a fed law, in the states opinion, that violates the Constitution.
Police Powers State power to enact laws promoting health, safety, and morals.
Recall Procedure whereby voters can remove an elected official from office.
Referendum Procedure allowing voters to reject a measure passed by the legislature.
Revenue Sharing Fed sharing of a fixed percentage of its revenues with the states.
Second Order Devolution The flow of power and responsibility from states to local gov'ts.
Sovereignty Supreme or ultimate political authority.
States Rights refers to the political powers that U.S. states possess in relation to the federal government, as guaranteed by the Tenth Amendment of the Bill of Rights.
10th Amendment States that if it is not enumerated in the Constitution then it is reserved to the states.
Third Order Devolution The use of non-governmental organizations to implement public policy.
Unitary System Sovereignty is wholly in the hands of the nat gov't.
Created by: chiodosbabe07