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September 19


confederation a political system in which states or regional governments retain ultimate authority except for those powers they expressly delegate to a central government
unitary a centralized governmental system in which local or subdivisional governments exercise only those powers given to them by the central government
Duel Federalism a system of government in which the states and the national government each remain supreme within their own spheres
checks and balances a major principle of the American government system whereby each branch of the government exercises a check on the actions of others
Bicameral American government is made up of 2 parts
Impeachment an action by the house of representatives and the senate to remove the president, vice president, or civil officers of the United states from office for commiting “Treason, Bribery, or other high crimes and misdemeanors”
Enumerated powers powers specifically mentioned in the constitution
Block Grants federal programs that provide funds to state and local governments for general functional areas, such as criminal justice or mental-health programs
Implied powers Powers not specifically in the constitution, necessary and proper or elastic clause
The Great Compromise The compromise between the New Jersey Plan and the Virginia plan plans that created one chamber of congress based on population and one chamber representing each state equally, also called the Connecticut compromise
Treason giving aid to a nation’s enemies, or starting war against the US
Concurrent powers powers held jointly by the state and national government
Necessary and proper (elastic) clause grants Congress the power to do whatever is necessary to execute its specifically delegated powers
Cooperative Federalism the theory that the states and the national government should cooperate to solve problems
Quartering housing of soliders during war
Unicameral a legislature with only one legislative body, Nebraska
socio-economic traits at the convention all men, all white, all rich, and highly educated, either southern plantation owners, bankers, or merchants
Artiles of Confederation first legal form of government, supposed to be weak, legislature
Extradition criminal flees from one state and is caught in another
Fundamental Orders part of the mayflower compact, against king George, leader's powers are limited
types of trade with foreign nations, amount several states, with indian tribes/ intrastate, interstate
intrastate trade trade outside of the state
interstate trade trade within the state
Virginia Plan more power to national government, army, print $, control trade, tax
New Jersey Plan status quo, national government should be weak, state should be strong
Federalist papers 85 essays in defense of the constitution, Alexander hamilton, James Madison, and John Jay
Formula Grant federal government gives money for everyone in the states that fit a certain catergory
mayflower compact 1st from of government in our counry, means democracy for christian white men, only time we have democracy in our country
Tyranny of majority ex. more men, no women, found in the mayflower compact
Roosevelt expands the powers of national government, starts "The Entitlement Program", starts fiscal federalism
Entitlements money to help people in need (social security, food stamps, etc)
Federalism relationship between national and state governments
Ex Post Facto can't be accused of a crime if it wasn't a crime when you committed it
Bill of Attainder congress can't pass a law that punishes one specific person
10th amendment any power not enumerated in the national government goes to the state government
Fiscal Federalism when national government gives some money to the states and demand the states spend that money on that problem, most important
Marxism never existed in its fullest state, no private property, no institutions, belongs to everyone
Catergorial Grant liberal, most popular
Fascism specific form of racism, deals with countries- heritage, needs a leader, give yourself to the government, uniformity
Militia only states can have, part time soldiers, now known as the national guard, called into service for emergencies
Great Society program, series of laws- medicare, medicaid, safety caps, head short, food stamps
Supreme court original and appellate juristiction
supreme law of the land constitution, laws passed by congress, treaties
great depression 1932, ends cooperative federalism, gives national government more power
socialism government controls means of production and removes economic discrimnation
coin money congress has the ability, exclusive power of the national government
Declaration of independence complaints about king george, seeing the nation as unified instead of as separate states
Natural laws natural rights held to be inherent in natural law, not dependent on governments, John Locke stated that it is superior to human law, Life liberty and property
Full Faith and credit federalism in the constitution, taken from the articles of confederation, every other state's public acts, records, and judicial proceedings
Reagan got more federal programs started, block grants, and welfare programs, personal responsibility
Nixon impeached, watergate scandal, vietnam war
Fundamental Orders staying away from King George, republic, levies/taxes, free speech, electing reps,seperation of powers
ratification process federalist papers- anti federalists wanted to prevent constituion from being___, they were the status quo
states rights reserved powers- extradition, intrastate trade, election process, health and public welfare, amendment 10
GI bill 1944, rpovided for college or vocational education for returning World War 2 veterans as well as one year of unemployment compensation
amendment process have to be approved by congress, presidental veto, can get approved anyway with 2/3 vote
indirect voting electorial college- we choose reps who in turn choose prez
madison wrote federalist papers 10,51
Requirements for federal office president appoints supereme court justices, ambassadors, and other gov. officials
Government mandates telling people how to spend money
Created by: tiffbug524



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