Busy. Please wait.

show password
Forgot Password?

Don't have an account?  Sign up 

Username is available taken
show password


Make sure to remember your password. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. You would need to create a new account.
We do not share your email address with others. It is only used to allow you to reset your password. For details read our Privacy Policy and Terms of Service.

Already a StudyStack user? Log In

Reset Password
Enter the associated with your account, and we'll email you a link to reset your password.
Didn't know it?
click below
Knew it?
click below
Don't know
Remaining cards (0)
Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how

Step III

Step III - Renal 1

Hyaline casts, urine osm >500, FeNa <1%, urine Na <20 Pre-renal
What are the causes of pre-renal azotemia HYPO-volemia, HYPO-tn (<90), CHF, constrictive cardx, low onc pressure, renal aa stenosis
Causes of post-renal Strictures, stones, CA bladder/prostate/cervix, neurogenic bladder
Muddy brown/granular casts ATN
Hyaline casts Pre-renal
What are the common causes of ATN Toxic injury and HYPOperfusion
MCC toxin induced renal insufficiency Aminoglycosides, amphotericin, chemo (cisplatin), IV contrast dye
What lab test can help in evalx ATN from contrast Mg
Fever, Rash, Eosinophilia/uria, WBC casts. Exposure to drug or infection AIN
What is the FeNa and urine Osm in AIN FENa >2%, Dilute urine (Osm < 350)
h/o Abx (PCN, ceph, NSAIDs, phenytoin, diuretics, sulfa, quinolones) a/w what type intrarenal renal failure AIN
h/o infection/autoimmune (SS, SLE, sarcoidosis) a/w what type intrarenal renal failure AIN
What is the best initial test for AIN and what does it show UA showing WBCs
Most accurate test for AIN Wright stain OR Hansel’s stain of urine showing eosinophils
Tx for AIN None; resolves on own
What drug causes hemorrhagic cystitis and NOT renal failure Cyclophosphamide
What are some causes of rhabdo that lead to intrarenal failure Seizures, crush injury, immobility in intoxicated pt, low K+ causing muscle necrosis, pt on statin
What is the best initial test for rhabdo induced intrarenal failure UA showing large amounts RBCs but no cells
Most accurate test for rhabdo induced intrarenal failure Urine myoglobin
Decreased bicarb, low Ca2+, incr K+ labs seen in what type of renal failure rhabdo induced intrarenal failure
Tx for rhabdo induced intrarenal failure Bolus nL saline, mannitol diuresis, alkalinization of urine
Pt in case has rhabdomyolysis. Most URGENT step in management and why EKG; rhabdo causes HYPER-kalemia which is risk for arrthymia
Pt intoxicated from suicide attempt w/ antifreeze. What kind of renal failure Crystal induced
What type of crystals are seen in ethylene glycol renal failure and what is the shape Oxalate “envelope” crystals
What is the best initial test for crystal uropathy UA
What is the best initial tx for crystal uropathy Ethanol OR fomepazole w/ dialysis
What kind of crystals are seen in tumor lysis syndrome Urate
Tx for urate crystal renal failure Hydration and allopurinol
What can you give a pt that has DM/HTN who absolutely needs contrast dye Hydrate w/ nL saline + bicarb/N-acetylcysteine
What are some kidney insults resulting from NSAIDs ATN, AIN, nephrotic syndrome, afferent aa vasoconstrx
Red blood cells, red cell casts, proteinuria <2g in 24, edema Glomerulonephritis
Most accurate test for glomerulonephrx Kidney bx
Created by: DrINFJ



Use these flashcards to help memorize information. Look at the large card and try to recall what is on the other side. Then click the card to flip it. If you knew the answer, click the green Know box. Otherwise, click the red Don't know box.

When you've placed seven or more cards in the Don't know box, click "retry" to try those cards again.

If you've accidentally put the card in the wrong box, just click on the card to take it out of the box.

You can also use your keyboard to move the cards as follows:

If you are logged in to your account, this website will remember which cards you know and don't know so that they are in the same box the next time you log in.

When you need a break, try one of the other activities listed below the flashcards like Matching, Snowman, or Hungry Bug. Although it may feel like you're playing a game, your brain is still making more connections with the information to help you out.

To see how well you know the information, try the Quiz or Test activity.

Pass complete!

"Know" box contains:
Time elapsed:
restart all cards