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MedTermsChabner4thed

Medical Terminology Davi-Ellen Chabney 4th Edition

Word PartMeaning
a-, an- no, not
ab- away from
abdomin/o abdomen
-ac pertaining to
ad- toward
aden/o gland
adenoid adenoids
adren/o adrenal glands
-algia pain
alveol/o alveolus (air sac with lungs)
amni/o amnion (sac surrounding embryo)
ana- up, apart
an/o anus
angi/o vessel
ante- before, forward
anter/o front
anti- against
aort/o aorta
append/o appendix
-ar pertaining to
arteri/o artery
arterio/o small artery
arthr/o joint
-ary pertaining to
ather/o fatty plaque
-ation process, condition
aur/o ear
aut- self
axill/o armpit
balan/o penis
bi- two
bi/o life
blephar/o eyelid
brady- slow
bronch/o bronchial tube
bronchiol/o small bronchial tube
calcane/o calcaneus
capillar/o capillary
carcin/o cancer, cancerous
cardi/l heart
carp/o wrist
-cele hernia
-centesis sugical puncture to remove fluid
cephal/o head
cerebell/o cerebellum (posterior part of the brain)
cerebr/o cerebrum (largest part of brain)
cervic/o neck
chem/o drug, chemical
cholecyst/o gallbladder
choledoch/l common bile duct
chondr/o cartilage
chron/o time
-cision process of cutting
cis/o to cut
clavicul/o clavicle (collar bone)
-coccus bacterium
coccyg/o tailbone
col/o colon (large intestine)
colon/o colon
colp/o vagina
comi/o to care for
con- with, together
coron/o heart
cost/o rib
crani/o skull
crin/o secrete
-crine secretion
-crit separation
cry/o cold
cutane/o skin
cyan/o blue
cyst/o urinary bladder
cyt/o cell
-cyte cell
dermat/o, derm/o skin
dia- thorough, complete
-dipsia thirst
dur/o dura mater (outermost meningeal layer)
-dynia pain
dys- abnormal, bad, difficult, painful
-eal pertaining to
ec- out, outside
ecto- outside
-ectomy excision, removal
electr/o electricity
-emia blood condition
en- within
encephal/o brain
endo- within, inner
endocrin/o endocrine glands
endometr/o endometrium (inner lining of uterus)
enter/o intestines
epi- above, upon
epiglott/o epiglottis
epitheli/o skin (surface tissue)
erythr/o red
esthesi/o sensation
ex-, exo-, extra- out, outside
femor/o femur
fibr/o fibrous tissue
fibul/o fibula
gastr/o stomach
gen/o to produce
-gen to produce
-genesis producing, forming
-genic pertaining to producing
ger/o old age
glyc/o sugar
gnos/o knowledge
-gram record
-graphy process of recording, to record
gynec/o woman, female
hemat/o blood
humer/o humerus
hydr/o water
hyper- above, excessive, more than normal
hypo- below, deficient, less than normal
hypophys/o pituitary gland
hyster/o uterus
-ia condition
-ian practitioner
iatr/o treatment
-ic pertaining to
in- in, into
-ine pertaining to
infra- below
inguin/o groin
inter- between
intra- within
isch/o to hold back
-ism condition, process
-ist specialist
-itis inflammation
lapar/o abdomen
-lapse slide
laryng/o larynx (voice box)
later/o side
leuk/o white
lip/o fat
-logy study of, process of study
lumb/o loin, waist region
lymph/o lymph
lys/o separation, breakdown, destruction
-lysis separation, breakdown, destruction
mal- bad
mamm/o breast
mast/o breast
mediastin/o mediastinum
medull/o medulla oblongata (largest part of the brain)
-megaly enlargement
men/o menstruation
mening/o meninges (membranes surrounding the brain and spinal cord)
meta- beyond, change
metacarp/o mertacarpals (hand bones)
metatars/o metatarsals (foot bones)
-meter to measure
-mortem death
-motor movement
muscul/o muscle
my/o muscle
myel/o muscle
myel/o bone marrow
myring/o eardrum
nas/o nose
nat/o birth
necr/o death
neo- new
nephr/o kidney
neur/o nerve
norm/o rule, order
nos/o disease
obstetr/o midwife
ocul/o eye
-oma tumor, mass, swelling
onc/o tumor
oophor/o ovary
ophthalm/o eye
-opsy process of viewing
opt/o, optic/o eye
or/o mouth
orch/o testicle, testis
orth/o straight
-osis abnormal condition
osm/o smell
oste/o bone
ot/o ear
-ous pertaining to
ovari/o ovary
para- beside, near, along the side of
parathyroid/o parathyroid gland
-partum birth
path/o disease
-pathy disease condition
ped/o child
pelv/o hip bone
-penia deficiency
per- through
peri- surrounding
peritone/o peritoneum (membrane around abdominal organs)
perone/o fibula
phak/o lens of the eye
pharyng/o pharynx, throat
-phasia speech
phleb/o vein
phren/o diaphragm
phren/o mind
plas/o formation, growth
-plasm formation, growth
-plasia formation, growth
-plasty surgical repair
-plegia paralysis
pleur/o pleura membrane (membran surrounding lungs)
-pnea breathing
pneum/o air, lung
pneumon/o lung
poly- many, much
post- after, behind
poster/o back, behind
pre- before
pro-, pros- before, forward
proct/o anus and rectum
pulmon/o lung
radi/o x-ray; radius
re-, retro- behind, back
rect/o rectum
ren/o kidney
retin/o retina of the eye
rheumato/o flow, fluid
rhin/o nose
-rrhage bursting forth of blood
-rrhagia bursting forth of blood
-rrhea flow, discharge
sacr/o sacrum
salping/o fallopian
sarc/o flesh
scapul/o shoulder blade
-sclerosis hardening
-scope instrument to view
-scopy process of viewing
scrot/o scrotal sac, scrotum
-section to cut
sept/o infection
septic/o infection
-sis condition
-spasm constriction
spin/o backbone, spine
splen/o spleen
-stenosis narrowing
stern/o sternum (breast bone)
stomat/o mouth
-stomy opening
sub- under, below
sym- with, together
syn- with, together
tachy- fast
-tension pressure
theli/o, thel/o nipple
-therapy treatment
-thesis to put, to place
thorac/o chest
thromb/o clot
thym/o thymus gland
thyr/o, thyroid/o thyroid gland
tibi/o tibia or shin bone
-tic pertaining to
-tomy incision, cutting into
tonsill/o tonsils
trache/o trachea, windpipe
trans- across, through
troph/o development, nourishment
tympan/o eardrum
uln/o ulna (medial lower arm bone)
ultra- beyond
-um structure
ureter/o ureter
urethr/o urethra
ur/o urine, urinary tract
-uria urine condition
uter/o uterus
vagin/o vagina
vas/o vessel, vas deferens
vascul/o blood vessel
ven/o vein
vertebr/o vertebra, backbone
vesic/o urinary bladder
-y condition, process
Created by: clcnew