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Machen 14 Voc/Gram

Machen Biblical Greek Lesson 14 Vocabulary & Grammar

QuestionAnswer
ἀπολύω, ἀπολύσω, ἀπέλυσα I release
κηρύσσω, κηρύξω, ἐκήρυξα I preach, I proclaim
ἐπιστρέφω, ἐπιστρέψω, ἐπέστρεψα I turn, I return
ἑτοιμάζω, ἑτοιμάσω, ἡτοίμασα I prepare
ἤδη already
θαυμάζω, θαυμάσω, ἐθαύμασα I wonder, I marvel, I wonder at
θεραπεύω, θεραπεύσω, ἐθεράπευσα I heal
πείθω, πείσω, ἔπεισα I persuade
πιστεύω, πειστεύσω, ἐπίστευσα I believe
ὑποστρέφω, ὑποστρέψω, ὑπέστρεψα I return
Grammar Review
Are there two different tenses called "aorist"? The Greek aorist tense is formed in two distinct ways, depending on which verb is being used. The tenses do not signify a different time of action.
To what time does the aorist refer? The aorist tense refers to the past time, as does the imperfect.
To what type of action does the aorist refer? The aorist refers to simple or punctiliar action, as opposed to the imperfect which refers to continuous, repeated, or linear action.
What is aspect? Greek tense primarily indicates not time, but aspect, that is, whether the action is looked at as a whole, a process, or a state.
How may the Greek aorist be translated into English? The aorist tense may be translated by the simple past or the perfect tense in English. Context will usually indicate which is most appropriate.
Does the aorist use primary or secondary endings? The aorist, being a secondary tense, uses secondary endings.
Does the aorist use an augment? The aorist tense does use an augment.
How is the first aorist recognized? The first aorist has an augment, an aorist stem which is much like the present stem but normally ending with -σα-, then a secondary active or middle ending.
Are the aorist middle and passive identical? The aorist passive uses a different stem than the aorist middle and will be introduced later.
What case is used for the object of πιστεύω? πιστεύω takes a dative case object.
Created by: profmom
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