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Machen 10 Voc/Gram

Machen Biblical Greek Lesson 10 Vocabulary & Grammar

QuestionAnswer
ἀκούω I hear (may take the gen. but also takes the acc.)
ἀλλά but
ἁμαρτωλός, -οῦ, ὁ a sinner
ἀποκρίνομαι I answer (takes the dat.)
ἄρχω I rule (takes the gen.); (mid.) I begin
γίνομαι I become (takes pred. nom.)
διέρχομαι I go through
εἰσέρχομαι I go in, I enter
ἐξέρχομαι I go out
ἔρχομαι I come, I go
ὅτι (conj.) that, because
οὐ (οὐκ before vowels, οὐχ before rough breathing) not
πορεύομαι I go
σώζω I save
ὑπό (prep. w/ gen.) by (expressing agent); (w/ acc.) under
What are the voices of Greek verbs? Greek verbs may be in any of three voices: active, middle and passive.
How is the active voice used? The active voice is used to indicate the subject is performing the action.
How is the passive voice used? The passive voice is used to indicate the subject is receiving the action.
What endings are used in the present tense? The present tense uses primary endings, either active or middle/passive.
How is the middle voice used? The middle voice represents the subject as acting in some way that concerns itself or as acting upon something that belongs to itself.
How are the present middle and passive indicative distinguished? The present middle and passive indicative are identical in formation. Context will show whether the author intends the verb to be middle or passive.
What is a deponent verb? A deponent verb appears only in the middle or passive voice but has essentially active meaning.
How is ὑπό used with the genitive case? The preposition ὑπό with the genitive expresses the agent, principally with a passive voice verb.
What is a dative of means? The dative without any preposition sometimes expresses means or instrument.
What is a compound verb? In Greek a compound verb is a verb with a prefixed preposition. The compound verb is frequently accompanied by a prepositional phrase using the same preposition found in the compound verb.
Do all verbs take direct objects in the accusative case? In Greek many verbs take the genitive case or the dative case to complete their meaning. Not all direct obects are accusative.
Created by: profmom