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Machen 08 Voc/Gram

Machen Biblical Greek Lesson 08 Vocabulary & Grammar

αὐτός, -ή, -ό he, she, it
δέ (conj.) but, and
ἐγώ I
εἰμί I am
ἡμεῖς we
σύ you (sing.)
ὑμεῖς you (pl.)
What is a postpositive word? A postpositive word cannot stand first in its clause. Ordinarily it stands second. Often in translation to English the postpositive word is properly considered first.
When personal pronouns are unaccented how does their sense differ from the accented forms? Unaccented forms of personal pronouns are unemphatic. The forms with accents are more emphatic in sense.
What is a pronoun? A pronoun is a word that takes the place of a noun.
What is an antecedent? The antecedent is the noun for which a pronoun stands.
How does a pronoun agree with its antecedent? A pronoun agrees with its antecedent in gender and number.
How do we determine what case to use for a pronoun? The case of a pronoun is determined by its function in its own clause.
When translating text including pronouns to English do we always keep the pronoun in the same gender? Use the appropriate gender pronoun in English for the antecedent in English. For instance, though "river" is masculine in Greek, we would refer to the river as "it" in English.
Why are personal pronouns rarely used in the nominative case in Greek? Personal pronouns are rarely used in the nominative case in Greek because the verb indicates the person. The nominative pronoun is used for emphasis.
What is an enclitic? An enclitic is a word that goes so closely with the preceding word as to have normally no accent of its own.
What happens to the accent of a word before an enclitic? An acute accent on final syllable does not turn to a grave. If there is an acute on the antepenult or circumflex on the penult, it takes an additional acute accent on the ultima. If word before enclitic is a proclitic or enclitic, accent on the ultima.
What happens to the accent of an enclitic that has its own accent? An enclitic of two syllables retains its own accent when it follows a word that has an acute on the penult, if there is emphasis on the enclitic, or if the enclitic begins a clause.
Created by: profmom