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ch.3 Federalism

Vocabulary

QuestionAnswer
The effort to devolve onto the states the national government's functions in area health care, welfare, and job training is____ Devolution
what are money from the national gov. for programs in certain areas that states can use at their discretion within broad guidlines by Congress? Block Grants
what political system in which ultimate authority is shared between a central gov. & state or regional govs.? Federalism
A soverign gov. is legally & politically independant of any gov. what means supreme or ultimate political authority? Sovereignty
one in which sovereignty is wholly in the hands of the national gov., so the states & localities are dependent on its will is ___ Unitary System
what system has sovereign states and the national gov. is allowed to do only what the states permit. confederation or confederal system
what system has one sovereignty shared so that the national gov. is supreme and in other ways states are supreme? federal system
local units of gov. have a specially protected existence and can make some final decisions over some governmental activities is called federal regime
in Article 1, Sec.8, it authorizes Congress to pass all laws to carry out the enumerated powers; sometimes called the elastic clause is what? "necessary and proper" clause
in 1798, James Madison and Thomad Jefferson opposed the laws sujusting that the states had the right to nullify a federal law that violated the Constitiution nullification
what constitutional theory did the national & state govs. each have defines areas of authority? dual federalsim
a municipal corporation or municipality that has been charactered by a state that exercises certain defined powers and provide certain specific services is called a___ city
what term for a city is chartered by a state to exercise certain powers & services? municipal corporation ot municipality
what applies to A city stating what that city can and can not do? special-act charter
what applies to A NUMBER of cities that fall into a certain classification based on city population? general-act charter
what rule named after a lawyer authorizes a municipality only those powers given, implied by, or essential to the accomplishments of its enumerated powers? Dillon's rule
what rule is the opposite of Dillon's that requires a city gov. to do anything that is not prohibited by the charter or state law? home-rule charter
what law passed and enforced by a city gov. ordinance
What are the largest territiorial units btwn a state & a city or town? 3,000) counties
who has the responsibility for some single gov. function that handles sewage treatnment, managing airports, or getting rid of mosquitoes. special-district gov. or authorities
what special-district government is responsible for administering public schools? school districts
what power of state promotes health, safety, and morals? police power
what procedure allows voters to submit a proposed law to a popular vote by obtaining a required number of signatures? initiative
what procedure enables voters to reject a measure adopted by the legislature? referendum
what is it called when voters can remove an elected official from office in over 20 states? recall
an illustration of how political realities modify legal aithority can be found in federal ___ grants-in-aid
federal grants defined by federal law require the state or locality to put up money to "match" some parts of the federal grants is called categorical grants
what law provided for the distibution of a fixed amount or share of federal tax revenues to the states for spending almost any gov. purpose? (It was intended to sned more money to poorer) revenue sharing
federal rules attched to the grants that states recieve & must agree to to abide by these rules in order to recieve the grants is called ____ conditions of aid
Federal gov. rules on the states as coat htnditions for obtaining federal grants or requirements that the states pay the cost s of certian nationally defined programs is called mandates
what is the flow of power and responsibilty from the states to local gov.? second-order devolution
the increased role of nonprofit organizations and private groups in policy implementation. third-order devolution
Created by: LCL