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Machen 04 Voc/Gram

Machen Biblical Greek Lesson 04 Vocabulary & Grammar

ἀδελφός, -οῦ, ὁ brother
ἄνθρωπος, -ου, ὁ a man, a person, a human being; (plur.) men, people
ἀπόστολος, -ου, ὁ an apostle
δοῦλος, -ου, ὁ a slave, a servant
δῶρον, -ου, τό a gift
θάνατος, -ου, ὁ a death
ἱερόν, -οῦ, τό a temple
καί (conj.) and
λόγος, -ου, ὁ a word
νόμος, -ου, ὁ a law
οἶκος, -ου, ὁ a house
υἱός, -οῦ, ὁ a son
What is a declension? A declension is a group of nouns or adjectives which have similar forms.
Does Greek have articles? Greek does not have an indefinite article but it does have a definite article. In Greek sometimes the article is used where it would not be appropriate in English.
What are important characteristics of Greek nouns? Greek nouns have gender, number and case.
What are the three genders of Greek nouns? Greek nouns may be masculine, feminine or neuter. In most cases gender is merely a grammatical classification.
How is the gender of a Greek noun identified? Recognize the gender of a Greek noun from the definite article. The nominative singular ending is not always reliable.
What is the masculine definite article? The masculine nominative singular definite article is ὁ.
What is the feminine definite article? The feminine nominative singular definite article is ἡ.
What is the neuter definite article? The neuter nominative singular definite article is τό.
What are the numbers of Greek nouns? Greek nouns have two numbers: singular and plural.
What word must agree with the subject in number? The subject and verb agree in number.
What are the four cases in Greek? Greek has four cases: nominative, genitive, dative, and accusative. There is a fifth case, the vocative, used occasionally and readily recognized.
How is the stem of a Greek noun identified? Remove the genitive singular ending from a Greek noun to identify the stem.
What is the nominative case used for? The nominative case is used for the subject of a sentence.
What is the accusative case used for? The accusative case is used for the direct object of a verb.
What is the genitive case used for? The genitive case expresses relationships such as possession, source, and separation. We often find the word "of" useful in rendering the genitive case.
What is the dative case used for? The dative case expresses relationships such as instrumentality, location, or reception. It is the case of the indirect object of a verb. We often find the words "to" or "for" useful in rendering the dative case.
What is special about the declension of neuter nouns? In all neuter nouns of all declensions the accusative of both numbers is like the nominative.
What is normal Greek word order? The normal order of the sentence in Koine Greek is like that in English.
May Greek word order be varied? Greek word order is much more flexible than English word order. We must identify the use of words in the sentence by their endings, not their order.
Why is there a ν on the end of some words after an ending? The movable ν is added normally at the end of a sentence or where the following word begins with a vowel or a τ. It is used for greater euphony.
Is the noun accent recessive? Noun accents are persistent. They remain on the same syllable as in the nominative singular as long as general accent rules permit.
What accent appears in the genitive and dative of 2nd declension nouns accented on the ultima? In the second declension, if the ultima is accented, it has a circumflex in the genitive and dative but an acute in the nominative and accusative.
Created by: profmom



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