Busy. Please wait.

show password
Forgot Password?

Don't have an account?  Sign up 

Username is available taken
show password


Make sure to remember your password. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. You would need to create a new account.
We do not share your email address with others. It is only used to allow you to reset your password. For details read our Privacy Policy and Terms of Service.

Already a StudyStack user? Log In

Reset Password
Enter the associated with your account, and we'll email you a link to reset your password.
Didn't know it?
click below
Knew it?
click below
Don't know
Remaining cards (0)
Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how



Rb1 retinoblastoma, osterosarcoma, breast, colon, lung (BCL)
NF1 NF1, neuroblastoma
NF2 NF2, menangioma, schwannoma (acoustic)
BRCA1/2 breast (both), ovary (female)
APC stomac, pancreas, colon, familial APC
TGF-beta colon
SMAD 2/4 colon, pancreas
E-cadherin stomach, familial gastric cancer
WT1 Wilms' tumor
PTEN prostate, endometrial, cowden's syndrome
p53 most cancers, Li Fraumani syndrome
P16Ink4a malignant melanoma, pancreas, breast, esophageal
LKB1 Peutz-Jegher
VHL Renal cell carcinoma
MEN1 Multiple endocrine neoplasia 1/2
RET Multiple endocrine neoplasia 1/2
PTCH nevoid basal cell carcinoma
Defective DNA repair xeroderma, bloom syndrome, fanconi anemia, ataxia-telangiectasia
familiar cancer breast, ovarian, pancreatic
cushings small-cell, pancreatic, neural tumor (ACTH)
SIADH small-cell (ADH/ANF)
Hypercalcemia squamous cell carcinoma, breast, renal, adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma (PTH-related protein, TGF-alpha, TNF, IL1)
Hypoglycemia Ovarian, fibrosarcoma (insulin/insulin-like)
Carcinoid hepatocellular, bronchial, pancreatic (serotonin, bradykinin)
Polycythemia gastric, renal, cerebellar hemangioma, hepatocellular (erythrpoeitin)
Myasthenia bronchogenic carcinoma
acanthosis nigrican gastric, lung, uterine (EGF)
dermatomyositis bronchogenic, breast carcinoma
trousseau phenomenon bronchogenic
red cell aplasia thymic neoplasms
clubbing of fingers bronchogenic
CA-125 ovarian
CA-15-3 breast
CA-19-9 pancreatic, colon (P & P = backwards 9-9)
hCG nonseminomatous testicular tumor, trophoblastic tumor
calcitonin medullary carcinoma of thyroid
catecholamines pheochromocytoma
alpha-fetoprotein liver cell cancer, nonseminomatous germ cell tumor of testis
CEA colon, pancreas, lung, stomach, heart
neuron specific enolase small cell carcinoma, neuroblastoma
Igs multiple myeloma
PSA prostate
p53, APC, RAS mutants in stool colon
p53/RAS in stool pancreatic
p53/RAS in sputum lung
p53 in urine bladder
rubella PDA, cataracts, deafness
CMV urine cytology diagnosis, periventricular necrosis & calcification
syphilis pneumonia alba, copius nasal discharge, periostitis
herpes simplex ascending infection, small necrotic lesions
coxsackievirus B myocarditis
parvovirus B19 hyrdrops, RBC inclusions
toxoplasmosis multifocal cereberal calcifications
vinyl chloride liver angiosarcoma
arsenic GI, CV, CNS interference
Cadmium obstructive lung disorder, renal tubular damage
mercury neuromotor, cognitive, behavior disruption
benzene leukemia
dioxin chloracne, skin folliculitis
organochlorines potent endocrine disruption (anti estrogen/androgen)
Created by: lamsonma



Use these flashcards to help memorize information. Look at the large card and try to recall what is on the other side. Then click the card to flip it. If you knew the answer, click the green Know box. Otherwise, click the red Don't know box.

When you've placed seven or more cards in the Don't know box, click "retry" to try those cards again.

If you've accidentally put the card in the wrong box, just click on the card to take it out of the box.

You can also use your keyboard to move the cards as follows:

If you are logged in to your account, this website will remember which cards you know and don't know so that they are in the same box the next time you log in.

When you need a break, try one of the other activities listed below the flashcards like Matching, Snowman, or Hungry Bug. Although it may feel like you're playing a game, your brain is still making more connections with the information to help you out.

To see how well you know the information, try the Quiz or Test activity.

Pass complete!

"Know" box contains:
Time elapsed:
restart all cards