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AP Civics

Is a country a constitutional country if it has a constitution? no
Describe Anarchy no gov't or laws. can exist for short periods of time. chaos and violence
Why is gov't necessary? settles conflicts and provides services and security
How long does gov't affect your life? birth-death
What is a constitutional gov't system? rules EVERYONE must obey. people have rights
What do most COUNTRIES have, constitutional or totalitarian? Constitutional
What system do most PEOPLE live in? Totalitarian
What is a constitution on its own? A piece of paper
What really enforces the rules? the people
Describe a Totalitarian Gov't System rulers are above the law, the people have few rights.
How do Totalitarian Systems keep power? force, control media, control education, support wealthy people who support them
What is a Republic? (constitutional) people choose their reps and heads of gov't in fair elections to make the decisions for them
What is a Parliamentary? (constitutional) people choose their reps in fair elections and the reps elect the head of gov't
What is a Constitutional Monarchy? (constitutional) a king or queen rules but has little or no power
What is a Pure Democracy? (constitutional) everyone votes on all issues
What is an example of a Republic country? USA
What is an example of a Parliamentary country? Canada
What is an example of a Constitutional Monarchy? Great Britain
What is an Oligarchy? (totalitarian) a group makes all the decisions. Political party and military group are the two main types of groups
What is a Dictatorship? (totalitarian)one person makes all the decisions. it is usually a civilian dictator or a military dictator
What is a Totalitarian Monarchy? (totalitarian) a king or queen rules and make all the decisions
What did the Treaty of Versailles do to Germany? controlled and punished them
Why did the people join the Nazi Party? their dynamic speaker (Hitler) gave them hope for rebuilding
How did Hitler get all the power? the president died so he didn't have to share power. and then he issued an emergency clause that gave him all the power
Why weren't the citizens upset by Hitler having all the power? they always had done well under a single ruler and they were used to it.
How did Hitler plan to keep the Nazi Party going? Through the youth
What did Hitler use to persuade people that what he said was right? propaganda, association, and training
What are the three major religions in the world? Christianity, Islam, and Judaism
What is Jihad? a holy war
What are the radical Muslims trying to do? make one major religion in the world for the sake of Allah
How many Muslims are radical? less than 10% of the Muslim pop. but it is the size of 7 Nazi Germany's
How was the 13 colonies governed? each colony had their own representative gov't but the final decisions still came from the king?
What were the colonies used for? the good of England
What is a charter? a document giving permission to create a gov't
What was a colonial governor? a "mini-king" for each colony. appointed by the king
What effect did the British Government have on the new American Government? we appointed trial by jury, inalienable rights, right to petition, and fair and just punishments for crimes because we did not have any of those things Great Britain rule
What is trial by jury free people could not be arrested, put in prison, or forced to leave their country without a fair trial
What are inalienable rights? rights that nobody could take away (life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness)
What is the right to petition? the right to request government to improve or change laws if they are not working
What is fair and just punishments for crimes? punishments must match the severity of the crime committed
What is a Bicameral Government? a two-house government
What effect did Parliamentary Government have on our new government? bicameral government, checks and balance, and election of the head of government
Describe checks and balance. each branch of government will check and balance the others to ensure no group or person gets too much power
What are the two main groups in Rwanda? Hutu and Tutsi
Who are the Hutu? they came to the region during the time of Christ to farm. they make up 90% of the population
Who are the Tutsi? they came to the region in 1300-1400 A.D. and make up 5% of the population. they became politically prominent under the Belgian rule
What is genocide? the deliberate and systematic extermination of a national, racial, political, or cultural group.
When was the 1st Rwanda Genocide? 1959
What was the cause/reason of the 1st Rwanda Genocide? the Belgians left Rwanda and the Hutu took the political power back from the Tutsi and started taking revenge on them for years of oppression
What sparked the Genocide of 1994? The assassination of President Habyarimona(a hutu) on April 6th, 1994 by the Tutsi Rebels
How long did the killings in the Genocide of 1994 last? 100 days
How many Tutsi and moderate Hutu were killed in the Genocide of 1994? 800,000
How did the Genocide of 1994 end? the Tutsi rebels re-captured Rwanda's capital, Kigali and regained control of the government
What is a confederation? a loose alliance
What were the weakness of the Articles of Confederation? Congress couldn't pass laws easily, there was no executive or judicial branch, no banking system, no national identity, and the government couldn't control trade between the colonies
Why couldn't Congress pass laws easily under the Articles of Confederation? they needed 9/13 votes to pass important laws and 13/13 votes to change the Articles of Confederation.
Why was not having an executive branch a bad thing? there was nobody to make sure the laws were carried out
Why was not having a judicial branch a bad thing? there was nobody to follow through when someone broke a law
What was bad about not having a national banking system? congress couldn't make states pay taxes so we couldn't pay our debts, and all the states had their own separate currency
What was the Virginia Plan? each state's population would determine the number of votes in Congress
What was the New Jersey plan? each state had an equal number of votes in Congress?
What was the Great Compromise? the House of Representatives would be based on a states population and the Senate would be equal
What is a Bicameral Legislature? there are two separate houses that make up congress
What was the Three-fifths Compromise? slaves would be counted as 3/5 of a person in population count for representation
When was the new Constitution signed? September 17th, 1787
What does ratified mean? approved by the nation
Who were the federalists? people who supported the constitution
Who were the Anti-federalists? people who were opposed to the new constitution
Created by: Jacob Bush



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