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A&P-P Ch 1

Anatomic Definitions

Topographic Anatomy (aka regional anatomy) Refers to terms that uniformly describe the position and movement of the body
Anatomic Position Universal position from which all body positions and movements aredescribed
abduction movement of a body part toward the midline
anatomy the study of the structure and parts of an organism
anterior toward the front of the body
caudad toward the feet cephalad situated toward the head
cranial related to or toward the skull
distal located away from the trunk of the body and toward the free end of an extremity
dorsal located posteriorly on the body relative to the coronal plane
extension return of a joint from a flexed position to an anatomic position
external rotation rotating an extremity at its joint away from the midline
flexion moving an extremity at its joint closer to the trunk
Fowler's position seated position with the upper body srtaight u or erect
frontal plane (aka; coronal plane) divides the body into front and back parts
gross anatomy the study of body parts that re visible to the naked ey, such as bones, muscles, and organs
homeostasis the maintenance of a stable internal physiolocic enviroment
hyperextension extension of a body part to a maximum level or past the position of normal extension
hyperflexion flexion of a body part to a maximum level or past the position of normal flexion
inferior toward the feet or one stucture that is situated lower than another
internal rotation rotating an extremity medially toward midline
lateral farther from the median plane; lying or extending away from the midline of a body part
medial closer to the median plan
median plane an imaginary longitudinal line that divides the human body into left and right parts; also called the midsagittal plane or the midline
microscopic anatomy the study of tissuued structure and/or cellular structure or organization
midaxillary line an imaginary line drawn through the mid-portion of the axilla to the waist that is parallel to the midline
midclavicular line an imaginary line drawn through the mid portion of the axilla to the waist that is parallel to the mid-line
midline an imaginary line drawn through the center of the body
pathophysiology the study of body functions of a living oranism in an abnormal state
physiology the study of the body functions of the living oragnism
planes imaginary surfaces used as references to identify parts of the body
posterior situated toward the back of the body
pron lying face down
pronation when the palm faces downward
proximal located nearer to or toward the trunk of the body
range of motion (ROM) the arc of movement of an extrremity at a joint in a particular direction
recovery position (aka; left lateral recumbent position) placing a patient of the side to allow the easy drainage of fluids from the mouth
recumbent any position in which the patient is lying down or leaning back
sagittal plane avertical plane that is parallel to the midline and divides the body into unequal left and right parts
superior situated toward the head or one structure that is situated higher than another
supination when the palm faces upward
supine lying face up
systemic anatomy study of anatomy associated with a particular organ system
transvese plane a cross-horizontal sectioning that divides the body into the upper and lower parts
Tredelenburg's position placing a patient supine with the legs elevvated aprox 12" and head down
ventral pertaining to the front of a part, organ, or structure
JVD jugular venous distention
What is JVD indication of on a patient that is not supine? indication that the blood may be having difficulty flowing back into the right side of the heart due to pericardial tamponade, tension pneumothorax, or right-sided heart failure
RUQ Right Upper Quadrant (Liver, Gall Bladder)
LUQ Left Upper Quadrant (Spleen, Stomach)
RLQ Right Lower Quadrant (Appendix)
LLQ Left Lower Quadrant (Small Intestine, Colon)
Created by: anglromeu



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