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3rd SIX WEEKS DATES

3rd Six Weeks Timeline Dates for Timeline Tests on Thursdays

QuestionAnswer
England’s King John signs the Magna Carta. 1215
England establishes its first permanent settlement in the New World at Jamestown, Virginia. 1607
The French and Indian War between the American Colonies and France and her Native American allies begins. 1754
The Treaty of Paris is signed ending the French and Indian War. Great Britain imposes many taxes on the Colonies to pay for the war. 1763
In an act of protest for unreasonable taxes and control of the tea trade, a group of colonists disguised as Native Americans board three tea ships in Boston Harbor and dump the cargo into the sea. The incident became known as “The Boston Tea Party”. 1773
The 13 British Colonies sign the Declaration of Independence in Philadelphia on July 4th. 1776
The Articles of Confederation are ratified. 1781
The Treaty of Paris is signed ending the American Revolution. 1783
The Constitution is written. 1787
The Constitution is ratified by nine of the thirteen states establishing the United States of America. 1788
The first ten amendments, known as the Bill of Rights, are added to the Constitution. 1791
The Supreme Court’s ruling in Marbury v. Madison establishes the Court’s power of judicial review, by which the Court decides whether laws passed by Congress are constitutional. 1803
In McCulloch v. Maryland, the Supreme Court invokes the Necessary and Proper Clause of the Constitution establishing the principle of implied powers of Congress. 1819
President James Monroe issues the Monroe Doctrine forbidding any European powers to claim and colonize any new territories in the western hemisphere. 1823
In the United States v. Amistad the Court declares that the Africans aboard the Amistad were not property and issued a decree that the unlawfully kidnapped Africans were indeed free. 1841
The Supreme Court’s decision in Dred Scott v. Sandford denies enslaved African Americans US citizenship and the right to sue in federal Court. The decision upholds the 5th Amendment’s right to property, and invalidates the Missouri Compromise. 1857
President Abraham Lincoln signs the Emancipation Proclamation declaring “all persons held as slaves” within the rebellious areas “are and henceforward shall be free”. 1863
The 14th Amendment – granting citizenship to all persons born or naturalized in the US and the guarantee of all the rights listed in the Constitution to its citizens - is added to the Constitution. 1868
The Supreme Court rules that “separate but equal” facilities are constitutional in the case of Plessy v. Ferguson, making racial segregation legal. 1896
In the case of Muller v. Oregon the Court upholds the constitutionality of the Oregon law restricting the working hours of women as justified by the special state interest in protecting women's health. 1908
Senators are now elected by the people of the state which they represent after the passage of the 17th Amendment. 1913
Schenck v. United States creates the precedent that the 1st Amendment rights (freedom of religion, speech, press, assembly, and petition) are not absolute. 1919
The 22nd Amendment is added to the Constitution setting a limit on presidential terms of office to 2-four-year terms or 10 years. 1951
In the case of Brown v. The Board of Education, the Supreme Court overturns its 1896 decision that “separate but equal facilities” are legal; segregation is indeed unconstitutional. 1954
The Supreme Court upholds the 4th Amendment’s protection against unreasonable searches and seizures in Mapp v. Ohio stating any evidence collected without a proper warrant cannot be used in state or federal courts. 1961
The Supreme Court rules in Gideon v. Wainwright, that free, legal help will be provided for those who cannot otherwise afford representation in court as indicated by the 6th amendment. 1963
President Lyndon Johnson signs the Civil Rights Act into law banning racial discrimination in public accommodations, and prohibits discrimination in hiring practices. 1964
The Supreme Court’s decision in Miranda v. Arizona establishes that an accused person’s 5th and 6th Amendment rights begin at the time of arrest. 1966
The 25th Amendment is added to the Constitution clarifying the line of succession of the presidency in the event the president dies in office or resigns. 1967
The Supreme Court rules in the case of Roe v. Wade that the State cannot regulate a woman’s right to terminate a pregnancy, which is protected by the 9th Amendment’s Right to Privacy. 1973
The United States enters World War I and joins the Allied forces. 1917
Known as “The Great War”, World War I ends on November 11th at 11:00 with the signing of the Armistice. 1918
World War II begins for the United States when Japan attacks the naval base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. 1941
World War II ends; the United States emerges as a global superpower, and the United Nations is founded. 1945
The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) is founded, and coordinates the gathering and analyzing of all information dealing with the federal government and foreign affairs. 1947
The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) is established. 1949
Known as the “Cuban Missile Crisis”, the United States and Soviet Union stand on the brink of nuclear war when US intelligence discovers Soviet short-range missiles have been placed in Cuba. 1962
The Cold War ends with the dissolution of the United Soviet Socialist Republic (USSR). Commonly known as “Desert Storm”, the Persian Gulf War begins when hostile Iraqi forces under the leadership of Saddam Hussein invade Kuwait. 1991
The Berlin Wall is torn down. 1989
Terrorists highjack four airplanes and are deliberately crash into the World Trade Center in New York City and the Pentagon in Washington DC; the fourth plane crashes in rural Pennsylvania. 2001
Created by: Coach K