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EMT-10 Airway

Study Guide

Respiration the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide that takes place during inhalation and exhalation
Pulmonary Ventilation mechanical process of moving air in and out of the lungs
External respiration gax exchange process btw alveoli and pulmonary capillaries. This oxygenates the blood and eliminates CO2 in lungs
Internal respiration gax exchange process btw cells and systenic capillaries. Delivers Oxygen to the celss and removing CO2 from the cell
Cellualar respiration and metabolism aka aerobic metabolism occurring in the cell. Process breaks down glucose in the presence of oxygen, and produces energy in the form of ATP. Also releases CO2 and water as a by product
Upper Airway extends from nose and mouth to the cricoid cartilage.
nasopharynx air entered through the nasal passages
Oropharyynx Air traveling through the mouth
2 passages founhd at the lower end of the pharynx(throat)? Trachea, and esophagus
Epiglottis This protects the trachea. It's a small leaf-shaped flap of cartilaginous tissue. Open when breathing, closed when food and water go through.
Larynx above trachea and below epiglottis. This is a voice box which contains the vocal cords.
Lower Airway extends from the cricoid cartilage to the alveoli of the lungs
Trachea Extending from the larynx to the carina, this is where air enters the lungs
Carina point at which the trachea splits into the right and left mainstream bronchi.
bilateral both sides
bradypnea breathing rate slower than normal
cyanosis bluish color of the skin and mucus membranes that indicates poor oxygenation of tissues
deoxygenated containing a low amount of oxygen, as with venous blood
hemoglobin complex protein molecule found on the surface of the red blood cell that is responsible for carrying a majority of the oxygen in the blood
Created by: voneckab