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KHS Political Partie

Linkage Institutions

split ticket voting voting for different political parties on the same ballot
straight ticket voting voting for candidates from the same party
national convention a meeting of party delegates whose primary purpose is to nominate pres. and VP candidates and to ratify the party platform
linkage institution channels through which the public communicates its wishes to the institutions of gov. (political parties, media, interest groups, elections)
Party era historical periods in which a majority of voters cling to the party in power which tends to win a majority of the elections
political party a group with similar ideas about gov whose primary purpose is to work to elect its members to office in order to further their politcal agenda
two-party system Two competing parties compete for control of gov.
minor (third) party political party whose electoral strength is so weak it has little chance of gaining control of government
ideological party a minor party whose views are based upon a particular set of issues and values these above all else
single issue party a minor party who focuses on one essential policy area or idea
national chairman a paid, full-time manager of a party's day-to-day work who is elected by the national committee
political party machine a party organization that has strong leadership and a high level of control over member activity
economic-protest party minor party that appeals to people who are angry about money problems and generally apears during tough financial times
winner-take-all an electoral system in which the person who receives the most votes gains the seat or in the case of the electoral college gets all the electoral votes for the state
splinter (factional) party minor party which broke away from one of the major parties
Patronage One of the key inducements used by party machines. A party patronage job, promotion, or contract is one that is given for political reason rather than for merit or competence alone.
Closed Primary Election to select party nominees in which only people who have registered in advance with the party can vote for that party's candidates, thus encouraging greater party loyalty.
Open Primary Elections to select party nominees in which voters can decide on election day whether they want to participate in the Democratic or Republican contests.
Coalition A group of individuals with a common interest on which every political party depends.
Critical Election An electoral "earthquake" where new issues emerge, new coalitions replace old ones, and the majority party is often displaced by the minority party. Critical election periods are sometimes marked by a national crisis.
Party Realignment The displacement of the majority party party by the minority party, usually during a critical election period.
Proportional Representaion An electoral system used throughout most of Europe that awards legislative seats to political parties in proportion to the number of votes won in an election.
Electorate All those qualified to vote
Party Neutrality Term used to describe the indifference of many Americans toward the two major parties.
Divided Government When the President and Congress identify with different paties.
Merit System Government employment is based upon an exam and qualifications.
Pary Dealignment The gradual disengagement of people from the parties. as seen in part by shrinking party identification.
Party Identification A citizen's self-proclaimed preference for one party or the other.
Created by: afailoni



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