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EMT-3 Legal Issues

Study Guide

QuestionAnswer
Scope of practice actions and care that EMTs are legally allowed to perform by the state n which they are providing emergency medical care
Once you have begun to provide care... You cannot leave the patient or it is called abandonment
Good Samaritan law provides liability immunity for emergency scene acts done in good faith
standard of care care expected from any trained EMT under similar circumstances
Good Samaratin Laws do not.... prevent you from being sued, although it may provide you with some protection against losing the lawsuit if you performed to the standard
Medical Direction Your legal right to function as an EMT is contingent upon medical direction
Expressed consent must be obtained from a conscious, mentally competant adult before treatment is started
Implied consent occurs when you assume that a patient who is unresponsive or who is not competant or who is unable to make a rational decision would consent to emergency care if he could
Involuntary consent applied whe nyour dealing with a mentally incompetent patient or in custody of law enforcement or incarcerated
DNR (do not resuscitate order) an advance directive, is a legal document or order that most often governs resuscitation issues only
What happens if family says they have a DNR but cannot find it? Continue issuing care to the patient
Living will more oftene used to cover more general health care issues, including the use of long-termlife support equipment such as ventilators and feeding tubes
durable power of attorney aka health care proxy- designates person who is legally empowered to make health care decisions for the signer of the document if he is unable to do so for himself
POLST (Physician orders for life-sustaining treatment used in patients with serious or terminal illness who aren't suspected of living longer than a year
If patient does not give consent and he is conscious and mentally capable, what happens next? make sure he is informed of treatment and all potential risks and consequences of refusal, up to and including death
If patient is persistant and continues to refuse after asking and explaining the risk and treatment... You must ask him to sign a release from liability form
p.60
Created by: voneckab