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American Govt Unit 2

Magruders American Government Unit 2

bipartisan supported by two parties; two parties acting together and cooperating when making decisions.
coalition a temporary alliance of several groups who come together to form a majority to control the government.
incumbent the person currently holding the office
factions different opinions from the rest of the group
sectionalism a narrow-minded concern for the interests on one's own section of a country
major parties the main parties Republican and Democrat
partisanship a firm allegiance to a political party
party in power the party who controls the executive branch (the President's party)
minor party one of the political parties that is not widely supported
plurality in an election, the most number of votes (does not have to be a majority - over 50%)
pluralistic society a society that consists of several distinct cultures and groups.
ward a unit that cities are divided into for the election of city council members.
franchise another name for suffrage or the right to vote.
transient a person living in a state for only a short time, without legal residence.
registration signing people up to vote; a procedure of voter identification intended to prevent fraudulent voting.
purge the process of reviewing lists of registered voters and removing the names of those no longer eligible to vote.
poll books lists of all registered voters in each precinct.
gerrymandering the drawing of electoral district lines to the advantage of a party or group
injunction a court order that forces or limits the performance of some act by a person.
preclearance mandated by the voting Rights Act of 1965; the prior approval by the Justice Dept. of changes to or new election laws by certain states.
off-year election congressional election that occurs between presidential years.
gender gap measurable differences between the partisan choices of men and women.
party identification the way a person identifies with the beliefs and concerns of their party.
straight ticket voting voting for candidates of only one party in an election.
split ticket voting voting for candidates of different parties for different offices in the same election.
nonpartisan election elections in which candidates are not identified by party labels.
precinct the smallest division of a voting place.
polling place the place where the voters who live in a certain precinct go to vote.
ballot the paper or card that you submit your votes on.
subsidy a grant of money, usually from the government
hard money campaign money that is subject to regulations by the Federal Election Committee
public affairs those events and issues that concern the people at large - politics, public issues, making public policy.
peer group the group of your friends, co-workers, classmates, neighbors
opinion leader any person who has an unusually strong influence on the view of others (could be a talk show host)
mandate the instructions or commands a constituency gives to its elected officials
public opinion poll device that attempts to collect information by asking people questions.
random sample a certain number of randomly selected people who represent a population.
quota sample a sample deliberately constructed to reflect several of the major characteristics of a given population (made up of same percentages as population)
medium newpapers, TV, radio, communications
public agenda the public issues on which the people's attention is focused.
sound bite a sharply focused short report that can be aired in roughly 30 to 40 seconds.
public policy all the goals the government sets and the various courses of action it pursues as it attempts to realize these goals.
trade association interest grops withing the business community
labor union an organization of workers who share the same type of job and press for governement policies that will benefit them.
public interest group an interest group that seeks to institute certain public policies of benefit to all or most people, regardless if they beong to that group.
propaganda a technique of persuasion aimed at influencing a particular belief, regardless of its validity.
single-interest group political action committee (PAC) that concentrates its efforts exclusively on one issue.
lobbying activities by which a group pressures the legislature to make public policy that the lobbyists want
grass roots of or from the people; the average voters.
blanket primary a voting process in which voters receive a long ballot containing the names of all contendors regardless of the party, and they can vote however they choose.
closed primary a party nominating election in which only declared party members can vote.
coattail effect the effect of a strong candidate running for an office at the top of a ballot helping to attract voters to other candidates on the party's ticket.
consensus general agreement among various groups on fundamental matters; agreement on public questions.
division of powers basic principle of federalism; the constitution provides for governmental powers are divided between the national and state government.
economic protest parties parties rooted in poor economic times, disatisfied twith
ideological parties parties based on a particular set of beliefs on social, economic, and political matters.
independents people who have no party affilitation
multiparty a system in which several major and many lesser parties exist and compete for public offices.
one-party system a political system with only one party
open primary a party nominating election in which any qualified voter can take part.
political action committee PAC - the political etension of special-interest groups that have a major stake in pulic policy.
political efficacy one's own influence over politics.
political party a group of persons who seek to control government through winning elections and holding public office.
political socialization the process by which people gain their political attitudes and opinions
poll tax a special tax that used to be demanded by states as a condition of voting.
public opinion the complex collection of the opinions of many differnent people.
runoff primary a primary in which the top two vote-getters in the first direct primary face one another.
sample a representative slice of the total universe or population.
suffrage the right to vote
two-party system a political system dominated by two major parties.
Created by: lisarae143