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Different types of fractures

Partial break across bone is incomplete
Complete bone is broken into two pieces
Closed (simple) bone does not break the skin
Open (compound) broken bone protrudes through the skin
Nondisplaced fractures retain the normal alignment of bone fragments
Displaced fractures produce new and abnormal arrangements of bony elements
Greenstick only seen in children, one side of the bone breaks, the other bends.
Comminuted small fragments of bone are found between two main fragments
Compression bone is crushed
Impacted one fragment is driven into the other
Colles' fracture of distal end of radius with distal fragment displaced posteriorly
Spiral Fracture spread along the length of the bone, produced by twisting stress
Eipiphyseal Fracture where chondrocytes are dying
Stress partial fracture due to changes in training, harder surfaces, longer distances, greater speed, etc. 25% involve the distal 1/3 of the fibula.
Pathologic fracture due to the weakening of a bone caused by disease
Depressed broken bone portion is pressed inward
Avulsion fracsure where a ligament or a tendon attaches to the skeleton
Oblique fracture where the line of break runs obliquely to the bone
Hairline very small sliver or a crack in the bone
Linear runs parallel to the long axis of the bone
Fissure a crack in the bone
Pott's fracture of distal end of fibula with serious injury to distal tibial articulation. The ligament attached to the medial malleous of the tibia is torn.
Created by: sc26