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Eye Injuries

Chapter 25

Blowout Fracture A fracture of the orbit or of the bones that support the floor of the orbit.
Conjunctiva The delicate membrane that lines the eyelids and overs the exposed surface of the eye.
Conjunctivitis Inflammation of the conjunctiva
Cornea The transparent tissue layer in front of the pupil and iris of the eye.
Globe The eyeball
Hyphema Bleeding into the anterior chamber of the eye, obscuring the iris.
Iris The muscle and surrounding tissue behind the cornea that dilate and constrict the pupil, regulating the amount of light that enters the eye; pigment in this tissue gives the eye its color.
Lacrimal glands The glands that produce fluids to keep the eye moist; also called tear glands.
Lens The transparent part of the eye through which images are focused on the retina.
Optic Nerve A cranial nerve that transmit visual information to the brain.
Orbit The bony eye socket
Pupil The circular opening in the middle of the iris that admits light to the back of the eye.
Retina The light-sensitive area of the eye where images are projected; a layer of cells at the back of the eye that changes the light image into electrical impulses, which are carried by the optic nerve to the brain.
Retinal detachment Separation of the retina from its attachments at the back of the eye.
Sclera The tough, fibrous, white portion of the eye that protects the more delicate inner structures.
Created by: azoch