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68wm6 endocrine

QuestionAnswer
endo within
exo outside
hyper increased/above
para a disease or condition characterized by an under secretion of thyroid hormones
corticoids hormones secreted by the three cell layers of hte adrenal cortex
cretinism dwarfism caused by hyposecretion of the thyroid gland
cushing's syndrome condition caused by the hypersecretion of glucocorticoids from the adrenal cortex
diabetes insipidus condition resulting from hyposecretion of ADH in which large volumes of urine are formed and if left untreated, may cause serious health problems
diabetes mellitus condition resulting when the pancreatic islets secrete too little insulin, resulting in increased levels of blood glucose. (disturbs carbohydrate, protein, and lipid metabolism.)
endocrine secreting into the blood or tissue fluid rather than into a duct
exocrine secreting into a duct
exophthalmos abnormal protrusion of the eyes
gigantism condition produced by hypersecretion of growth hormone during the early years of life; results in a child who grows to gigantic size
glucocorticoids hormones that influence carbohydrate, fat, and protein metabolism; secreted by the adrenal cortex
gluconeogenesis formulation of glucose or glycogen from protein or fat compounds
goiter enlargement of the thyroid gland
hirsutism excessive hair growth, especially in women
hormone substance secreted by an endocrine gland and transported in the blood
mineralpcorticoids hormone that influences mineral salt metabolism (electrolyte concentrations); secreted by adrenal cortex; aldosterone is the chief mineralocorticoid
myxedema condition caused by deficiency of thyroid hormone in adults
parathyroid glands set of glands located on the surface of the thyroid gland
prostaglandins group of naturally occurring fatty acids that affect many body functions
target cells organ or cell acted on by a particular hormone and responding to it
virilism masculinization of a female
two body systems that are responsible for regulating homeostasis and various body functins through communication and control nervous system and endocrine system
nervous system provides brief control by fast-traveling nerve impulses
endocrine system provides slower but longer lasting control by way of hormones of which are chemicals that are secreted into and circulated by the blood
nonsteroidal hormones work according to the second messenger mechanism
steroid hormones lipid soluble and pass through cell membrane
major endocrine glands pituitary gland, hypothalamus, thyroid gland, parathyroid glands, adrenal glands, pancreas, male sex gtlands, female sex glands, and thymus
attached to the base of the brain buried deep in the cranial cavity pituitary gland
the portion of the central nervous system located beneath the thalamus at the base of the cerebrum hypothalamus
combines endocrine and nervous system functions to control homeostasis hypothalamus
stimulates the energy of all cells, inhibits the breakdown of bone, and causes a decrease in blood calcium concentration thyroid gland
secretes thyroid stimulating hormone, adrenocorticotropic hormone, follicle stimulating hormone, luteinizing hormone, growth hormone, and prolcatin anterior pituitary gland
secretes antidiuretic hormone and oxytocin posterior pituitary gland
produces oxytocin, ADH, and also produces substances called releasing and inhibiting hormones hypothalamus
secretes thyroxine (T4), triiodothyronine (T3), and calcitonin thyroid gland
lowers blood levels of calcium and phosphate ions when they are too high, increases the rate at which calcium is stored in boned excreted in urine calcitonin
increases the rate at which cells release energy from carbohydrates, enhance protein synthesis, stimulate the breakdown and mobilization of lipids T3, and T4
secretes parathyroid hormone parathyroid gland
increases blood calcium ion concentration and decreases phosphate ion concentration, stimulates bone-resorption by osteoclasts, which releases calcium into the blood, influences the kidneys to conserve calcium parathyroid hormone
secrete cortisol, aldosterone adrenal cortex
secrete epinephrine, and norepinephrine adrenal medulla
alpha cells secrete glucagon and beta cells secrete insulin pancreas
secretes thymosin thymus
secretes melatonin pineal gland
mechanisms of glandualr disorders tumors, glandular hypersecretion and hyposecretion, damaged receptors of target cells, target cell insensitivity
Created by: danield71111