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Immunity

QuestionAnswer
Immunity the body’s ability to resist a disease
Antigen any foreign object such as dust, bacteria, or virus that enters the body
Antibody proteins in the blood or on cell membranes that help identify and destroy antigens
Macrophage large cells that seek out, engulf and destroy cells.
Agglutinate the clumping and destruction of antigens by the immune system
Allergy a rapid overreaction to an antigen that is not normally harmful.
Active Immunity the body produces its own antibodies to attack a particular antigen
Passive Immunity the body is given antibodies to attack a particular antigen, e.g. fetal immunity
Lymphocytes the cells of the immune system including T-Cells, B-cells, and macrophages.
B Cells made in the bone marrow, make antibodies
T Cells made in the thymus, have the ability to kill pathogens
Pathogen any disease carrying organism like a bacteria, virus, or parasite
Antibiotics a class of drugs used to fight bacterial infections
Virus a small, parasitic pathogen that causes disease
Toxin a poisonous chemical produced by a pathogen
Autoimmune disease the immune system attacks cells in its own body
Diabetes Mellitus an autoimmune disease where sugar is not taken out of the blood
Multiple Sclerosis an autoimmune disease that attacks the nervous system
Rheumatoid Arthritis an autoimmune disease that attacks the joints
HIV the virus that causes AIDS
AIDS a viral infection that leads to other infections and eventual death
Created by: Room224