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AIMC Terminology 01

Digestive System

QuestionAnswer
abdomin/o abdominal
aden/o gland
an/o anus
angi/o vessel
bil/i bile
cheil/o lips
chlorhydr/o HCI
chol/e bile
cholecyst/o gallbladder
choledoch/o common bile duct
col/o, colon/o large intestine, colon
duoden/o duodenum
enter/o intestines
gastr/o stomach
gluc/o, glyc/o glucose, sugar
glycogen/o glycogen
hem/o, hemat/o blood
hepat/o liver
herni/o hernia
ile/o ileum
inguin/o groin
jejun/o jejunum
lapar/o abdomen
laxat/o to loosen
leuk/o white
lip/o lipid, fat
lith/o stone
odyn/o pain
or/o mouth
pancreat/o pancreas
peps/o digestion
phag/o eating
rhin/o nose
sial/o saliva
sialaden/o salivary gland
steat/o fat
stom/o new opening
stomat/o mouth
a-, an- no, not, lack
ana- up, apart, again
dys- painful, difficult
ecto- out
hyper- excessive, elevated
hypo- below, deficient, <normal
neo- new
para- beside, apart from
peri- surrounding, around
poly- many, excessive
-al, -ary pertaining to
-centesis surgical procedure to remove fluid
-chezia defecation, elimination of waste
-dynia pain
-ectomy a cutting out, excision
-emesis vomiting
-gen, -genesis producing, forming
-graphy process of recording
-ia condition of
-iasis abnormal condition
-itis inflammation
-ive nature of, quality of
-logy study of
-lysis breakdown
-megaly enlargement
-ose sugar
-osis state of
-ous pertaining to
-pathy disease condition
-phagia eating
-plasty surgical repair
-ptysis spitting, sputum
-rrhaphy suture
-rrhea flow, discharge
-scope instrument for visual examination
-scopy visual examination
-stasis stoppage
-stomy new opening
-tic pertaining to
-tomy process of cutting
alimentary canal "food canal" - the path of the digestive tract(canal)through which food stuff moves; does not include salivary glands, liver, pancreas, or gallbladder; aliment means food
gastrointestinal tract the digestive tract; the hollow tube through which foodstuffs pass from mouth to anus; aka alimentary canal
achlorhydria lack of HCI in gastric juice
hypochlorhydria deficiency of HCI in gastric juice
laparotomy abdominal surgery
gastrotomy stomach surgery
choledochotomy surgery involving the common bile duct
anastomosis the surgical creation of an opening (a joining) of two hollow organs inside the body
gastroduodenal surgical joining of the stomach to the duodenum; aka gastroduodenostomy or a Billroth II procedure
gastrojejunostomy the surgical creation of an opening b/t the stomach and the jejunum; bariatric surgery which reduces the size of the stomach and diverts food to the jejunum; aka gastric bypass
gastric bypass bariatric surgery which reduces the size of the stomach and diverts food to the jejunum
choledochojejunostomy an anastomosis between the common bile duct and the jejunum
cholecystojejunostomy an anastomosis between the common bile duct and the jejunum
enterocolostomy the surgical creation of an opening between (i.e., a joining of) the small and large intestines
gastrostomy an artificial opening from the stomach to the outside of the body
ileostomy an artificial opening from the ileum to the outside of the body
colostomy an artificial opening from the colon to the outside of the body
sialadenectomy surgical removal of one or more salivary glands
gastrectomy surgical removal of the stomach
colectomy surgical removal of (part of) the colon
Created by: edithctorres