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The Acute Abdomen

Chapter 14

Acute abdomen A condition of sudden onset of pain within the abdomen, usually indicating peritonitis; immediate medical or surgical treatment is necessary.
Aneurysm A swelling or enlargement of a part of an artery, resulting from weakening of the arterial wall.
Anorexia Lack of appetite for food.
Appendicitis Inflammation of the appendix.
Cholecystitis inflammation of the gallbladder.
Colic Acte, intermittent cramping abdominal pain
Cystitis Inflammation of the bladder
Diverticulitis Bulging out of intestinal rings in small pockets at weak areas in the muscle walls, creating abdominal discomfort.
Emesis Vomiting
Guarding Involuntary muscle contraction (spasm) of the abdominal wall, an effort to protect the inflamed abdomen.
Hernia The protrusion of a loop of an organ or tissue through an abnormal body opening.
Ileus Paralysis of the bowel, arising from any one of several causes; stops contractions that move material through the intestine.
Pancreatitis Inflammation of the pancreas
Peritoneum The membrane lining the abdominal cavity (parietal peritoneum) and covering the abdominal organs (visceral peritoneum)
Peritonitis Inflammation of the peritoneum.
Referred pain Pain felt in an area of the body other than the area where the cause of pain is located.
Strangulation Complete obstruction of blood circulation in a given organ as a result of compression or entrapment; an emergency situation causing death of tissue
Ulcer Erosion of the stomach of intestinal lining.
Created by: azoch