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Musculoskel. Assess.

Musculoskeletal assessment Jefferson.

What is the functional part of our anatomy that allows us to move? Joints
What are the two types of joints and how are they different? Non-Synovial- Fixed joint, bones are not able to move (Skull); Synovial joints have a synovial cavity that allows the bones to rotate/slide without friction
What is cartilage and what is its function? Avascular connective tissue that covers the bone in a joint.
What are ligaments and what is their function? They are fibrous bands that connect one bone to another. They strengthen the joint and prevent undesirable movement.
What are bursas and what is their function? an enclosed sac filled with synovial fluid that helps muscles and tendon glide smoothly over the bone.
What are the different types of muscles? Skeletal (voluntary) Cardiac and smooth (involuntary)
What is the tendon? a strong fibrous cord that attached the muscle to the bone.
What are the most common medical causes of DVT's? Hip replacements and hip fractures
What is meant by the articulation of two bones? They are joined together
How many bones are in the spine? 33 bones
What are the parts of the spine? 7 cervical bones, 12 Thoracic, 5 Lumbar bones, and 5 sacral bones.
What is the name of the wrist joint? radiocarpal joint
What is the knuckle joint called? Metacarpophalangeal joint
The hip is the articluation of which two bones? acetabulum and head of femur
What is the difference between Rheumatoid arthritis and Osteoarthritis? Rheumatoid arthritis pain gets better with movement, and osteoarthritis pain gets worse with movement.
What is neuropathic pain? A tingling pain caused by the damage of nerve tissue.
What is nociceptive pain? Pain from the stimulation of nerve conductors in the tissue.
What does a goniometer do? measures angles of joints.
What is crepitation? A grating or crackling when two bones are rubbed together.
What is subluxation? The dislocation of joint ex subluxation of elbow=tennis elbow
What is Phalen's test? hold both hands back to back while flexing the wrist at a 90 degrees. Normal-no pain. Carpal Tunnel- numbness and burning.
How should you place the leg to palpate the knee? In supine position with the quadracep relaxed
Why would you conduct the ballotment test? To see if there is fluid in the knee joint.
What is McMurrays test? It is a special test for meniscal tears. It is positive when you hear a click as you bend the nee up torwards the patient in supine position.
What causes the legs to be different lengths? deformity of the hip.
What does the straight leg test indicate? It test for sciatic pain.
WHo is the ortolani's test used for and what does it indicate? It is used on infants to test for congential hip dislocation. Bend legs up and feel for smooth motion back out.
WHo is the allis test used for and what does it indicate? It is used for babies and it test for hip dislocation. bend nees up and see if they are equal.
What is joint effusion? The swelling of excess fluid in joint capsule.
What is ankylosing spondylitis? A form of RA that is the chronic progressive inflamation of the spine and large joints of the extremities.
What is osteoporosis? It is when the boneresorption is greater than bone formation.
What is Dupuytren's contractures? Chronic hyperplasia of palmar fascia causing flexion contractures.
What are the Swan nec and Boutonneire deformities? The contractures of the fingers can be caused by rheumatoid arthrititis.
Created by: sambrose4