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Sociology 1.1

vocabulary words

QuestionAnswer
Sociology the social science that studies human society and social behavior.
Social Sciences the disciplines that human society it institutions and functions of human society in a scientific manner.
Social Interaction how people relate to one another and influence each other's behavior.
Sociology the social science that studies human society and social behavior.
Social Sciences the disciplines that human society it institutions and functions of human society in a scientific manner.
Social Interaction how people relate to one another and influence each other's behavior.
Social Phenomena observable facts or events that involve human soociety.
Sociological perspective helps look beyond the common beliefs to the hidden meanings of human actions.
sociological imagination ability to see the connection between the larger world and your personal life.
anthropology the comparative study of past and present culture
psychology the social science of behavior and thinking of organism
social psychology the study of how the social environment affects an individual's behavior and personality
economics the study of choices people make in an effort to satisfy their needs and wants.
political science the examination of the organization and operation of government
history the study of the past events
C. Wright Mills sociologist that described the social imagination as the capacity to range from the most impersonal and remote topics to the most intimate feature of the human self and see the relations between the two.
social darwinism perspective that holds that societies evolve toward stability and perfection
function positive consequence an element of society has for the maintenance of the social system
Verstehen intepretation or understanding of how someone else feels almost like sympathy
ideal type an experience in which individual elements are combined to form a whole that is independent of factors or variables, but against which particular examples of the appropriate class found in life can be measured.
theory a coherent group of general propositions used as principles of explanation for a class of phenomena.
theoretical perspective A non-explanatory, general framework that defines a point of view within a discipline, including basic assumptions that draw attention to particular aspects of a phenomenon and, therefore, generate particular kinds of questions about it.
functionalist perspective A perspective that focuses on the ways in which cultural ideas and social structures contribute to or interfere with the maintenance or adaptation of a social system.
dysfunctional The interference of an aspect of a social system with the maintenance or adaptation of that system or its values.
manifest function The functions of an aspect or type of social activity which are known to, and intended by, the individuals involved in a given situation of social life.
latent function A behavior is not explicitly stated, recognized, or intended by the people involved
conflict perspective A perspective that focuses on the struggle among different social groups over scarce rewards
interactionist perspective A perspective that focuses on the causes and consequences of social behavior, based on the importance of assigning symbolic meaning to appearance, behavior, and experience.
symbol Objects, characteristics of objects, gestures, or words that represent more than themselves.
symbolic interaction The use of symbols by people to present themselves to others and interpret one another's behavior.
Auguste Comte a French positivist thinker and came up with the term of sociology to name the new science made by Saint-Simon.One universal law that Comte saw at work in all sciences he called the 'law of three phases'.
Herbert Spencer an English philosopher and prominent liberal political theorist. The father of Social Darwinism "survival of the fittest"
Karl Marx A French socialist and sociologist believed that he could study history and society scientifically and discern tendencies of history and the resulting outcome of social conflicts.
Emile Durkheim concerned primarily with how societies could maintain their integrity and coherence in the modern era, when things such as shared religious and ethnic background could no longer be assumed.
Max Weber known as a principal architect of modern social science along with Karl Marx and Emil Durkheim.
Created by: toribrown2011