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Ressler / Jubina

Geography Chapter 1 and 2 Vocabulary

perspective point of view based on a person's experience and personal understanding
spatial perspective point of view based on looking at where something is and why it is there
geography the study of Earth's physical and cultural features
urban an area that contains a city
rural an area of open land that is often used for farming
absolute location the exact spot on Earth where something is found, often stated in latitude and longitude
relative location the position of a place in relation to another place
subregions small areas of a region
diffusion the movement of ideas or behaviors from one cultural region to another
levees large walls, usually made of dirt, built along rivers to prevent flooding
human geography the study of people, past or present
physical geography the study of Earth's natural landscape and physical stems, including the atmosphere
cartography the art and science of mapmaking
meterology the field of forecasting and reporting rainfall, temperatures, and other atmospheric conditions
climatology the field of tracking Earth's larger atmospheric systems
solar system the sun and the objects that move about it, including planets, moons, and asteroids
orbit the path an object makes around a central object, such as a planet around the Sun
satellite A body that orbits a larger body
axis an imaginary line that runs from the North Pole through Earth's center to the South Pole
rotation one complete spin of Earth on its axis
revolution one complete orbit around the Sun
Artic Circle the line of latitude located at 66.5 degrees north of he equator
Antarctic Circle The line of latitude located at 66.5 degrees south of the equator
solstice the day's when the Sun's vertical rays are farthest from the equator
Tropic of Cancer the line of latitude that is 23.5 degrees north of the equator
Tropic of Capricorn the line of latitude that is 23.5 degrees south of the equator
equinoxes the two days of the year when the Sun's rays strike the equator directly
atmosphere the layer of gases that surrounds the Earth
ozone A form of oxygen in the atmosphere that helps protect Earth from harmful solar radiation
water vapor the gaseous form of water
water cycle the circulation of water from Earth's surface to the atmosphere and back
evaporation the process by which heated water becomes water vapor and rises into the air
condensation the process by which water changes from a gas into tiny liquid droplets
precipitation the process by which water falls back to Earth
tributary any smaller stream or river that flows into a larger stream or river
groundwater the water from rainfall, river, lakes, and melting snow that seeps into the ground
continental shelf the gently sloping underwater land surrounding each continent
landforms the shapes on Earth's surface
plain a nearly flat area on Earths surface
plateau an elevated flatland on Earth's surface
isthmus a neck of land connecting two larger land areas
peninsula land bordered by water on three sides
plate tectonics the theory that Earth's surface is divided into several major, slowly moving plates or pieces
core the inner, solid part of Earth
mantle the liquid layer that surrounds Earth's core
crust the outer, solid layer of Earth
magma melted rock in the upper mantle of Earth
lava magma that has broken through the crust to Earth's surface
continents Earth's large landmasses
subduction the movement of one of Earth's heavier tectonic plates underneath a lighter tectonic plate
earthquakes sudden, violent movement along a fracture within Earth's crust
fault a fractured surface in Earth's crust where a mass of rock is in motion
Pangaea Earth's single, original supercontinent from which today's continents were seperated
weathering the process of breaking rocksinto smaller pieces through heat, water, or other means
erosion the movement by water, ice, or wind of rocky materials to another location
alluvial fan a fan shaped landform created by deposits of sediment at the base of a mountain
floodplain a landform of level ground built by sidiment deposited by a river or stream
deltas landforms created by the deposits of sediment at the mouths of rivers
glaciers large, slow-moving sheets or rivers of ice
Created by: sburda



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