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Chapter Two..

Constitution

QuestionAnswer
Unalienable Based on nature and Providence, and not on the whims or preferences of people.
Articles of Confederation Formed by the thirteen states; a faint balance of national government with which to bring order to the nation. Went into effect 1781.
Constitutional Convention A meeting to revise the Articles of Confederation; they adjourned four months later having written a wholly new constitution.
Shay's Rebellion In 1787 when a group of former Revolitionary War soldiers and officers, plauged by debts and hig taxes and fearful of losing their property to creditors and tax collectors, forcibly prevented the courts from Massachusetts from sitting.
Great Compromise A compromised reached in favor of the new constitution; it was adopted from bothh the New Jersey and Virginia Plans.
Republic A government in which a system of representation operates.
Judicial Review A way of limiting the power of popular majorities.
Checks and Balances An institution created by the government to share powers. This way each branch of government could (partially) check the power of another to ensure an equal disperse of power.
Federalism Authority being centralized in a National government.
Seperation of Powers A policy of "supplying by opposite and rival interests the defect of better motives".
Faction A group or clique within a larger group, party, government, organization.
Federalists The proponents of the constitution.
Antifederalists The opponents of the constitution.
Federalist Papers Papers securing ratification. It influenced philosophical writings.
Coalition A combination or alliance.
Writ of Habeas Corpus A writ ordering a prisoner to be brought before a judge.
Ex Post Facto Law A civil or criminal law with retroactive effect; especially : a law that retroactively alters a defendant's rights esp. by criminalizing and imposing punishment for an act that was not criminal or punishable at the time it was committed.
Bill of Attainder An act of legislature finding a person guilty of treason or felony without trial.
Bill of Rights A formal statement of the fundamental rights of the people of the United States, incorporated in the Constitution as Amendments 1–10, and in all state constitutions.
Amendments An alteration of or addition to a motion, bill, constitution, etc.
Line-item Veto The power of the executive to veto particular items of a bill without having to veto the entire bill.
Created by: PrettyCee.