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USMLE1 Psych 2


EEG waveform for awake (eyes open) state B for Beta. BATS Drink Blood at night.
which EEG waveform is highest frequency, lowest amplitude? Beta - awake state. BATS Drink Blood at night
EEG waveform for awake (eyes closed) state A for alpha. BATS Drink Blood at night
EEG waveform for light sleep (Stage 1) T for theta. BATS Drink Blood at night
EEG waveform for Deeper Sleep (Stage 2) Sleep spindles & K complexes. BATS Drink Blood at night
EEG waveform for Deepest non-REM Sleep (Stage 3/4) D for delta. BATS Drink Blood at night
which EEG waveform is lowest frequency, highest amplitude? D for Delta. BATS Drink Blood at night
When do sleepwalking, bedwetting take place in sleep? Stages 3/4 -- deepest sleep, delta waves (lowest frequency, highest amplitude)
When do erections take place? REM sleep (stage 5)
What stage of sleep does brain use the most O2? REM
What is responsible for extraocular movement in REM sleep? PPRF
what drug given for night terrors or sleepwalking? benzodiazapines (shortens stage 4 sleep)
What drug given for enuresis? Bed-wetting - imipramine (shortens stage 4 sleep)
Classical conditioning pair natural response with artificial stimulus (salivate when hear bell ring)
Operant conditioning positive/negative reinforcement
Id Primal urges/sex/aggression
Ego mediate between unconscious and external world
Superego morality and conscience
Displacement mom yells at kids because she's mad at dad
identification abused child becomes abuser
isolation isolate events from feelings - describe murder with no emotion
projection man thinks wife is cheating on him (he wants another woman)
reaction formation pervert becomes a monk
gamophobia gamete-phobia; fear of marriage
algophobia alg - pain; fear of pain
acrophobia fear of heights (Father)
agoraphobia fear of open spaces
adjustment disorder psychosocial stressor --> anxiety/depression --> impairment (< 6 mo)
generalized anxiety disorder uncontrollable anxiety for at least 6 months; unrelated to specific person/event/thing; bad sleep, fatigue, bad concentration.
Malingering fakes a disorder for gain (avoid work, obtain drugs)
factitious disorder creates symptoms to assume sick role and get medical attn
Munchausen's syndrome chronic hx of multiple hospital admissions and willingness to receive invasive procedures
Munchausen's syndrome by proxy illness in child is caused by parent; unconscious motivation; form of child abuse - must report.
somatoform disorders psych drive create physical symptoms; tests are negative for something wrong.
conversion motor or sensory sx's that suggest a neuro or physical disorder, but tests show nothing wrong
somatoform pain disorder prolonged pain not completely explained by illness
hypochondriasis preoccupation with having a serious illness in spite of medical reassurance
somatization disorder complaints in multiple organ systems with no identifiable underlying physical findings
body dysmorphic disorder preoccupation with minor or imagined physical flaws; seek cosmetic surgery
pseudocyesis false belief of being pregnant associated with objective physical signs of pregnancy
Cluster A personality disorders Weird PiSS; Paranoid, Schizoid, Schizotypal; can't develop meaningful social relationships; no psychosis; genetic assc with schizophrenia;
Cluster B personality disorders Wild BAHN; Borderline, Antisocial, Histrionic, Narcississtic; dramatic, emotional, erratic; genetic assn with mood do's and substance abuse
Cluster C personality disorders Worried to be DOA; Dependent, OCD, Avoidant; genetic assn with anxiety do's
Paranoid Cluster A, personality do - distrust, suspicious
Main defense of paranoid person projection - you say someone else is feeling something, but really, it's what you want.
Schizoid Cluster A, personality do; voluntary social withdrawal, limited social expression; content with being isolated; hermit
Schizotypal Cluster A, personality do; interpersonal awkwardness, odd beliefs or magical thinking; eccentri appearance; Merlin
Antisocial Cluster B, personality do; disregard for rights of others; criminal
Borderline Cluster B, personality do; unstable mood and interpersonal relationships; impulsiveness; sense of emptiness; females more than males
Histrionic excessive emotion; attn seeking; sexually provocative
Narcissistic Cluster B, personality do; grandiosity, sense of entitlement; react to criticism with rage; demand top/best services
avoidant cluster C personality do; sensitive to rejection, socially inhibited; timid, feelings of inadequacy
obsessive-compulsive cluster c personality do; preoccupation with order, perfectionism, control
dependent cluster c, personality do; submissive and clinging, excessive need to be taken cared of, low self confidence
Created by: christinapham



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