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Pediatrtrics225

Peds test

QuestionAnswer
Cyanotic Heart Defects Oxygenated and Unoxygenated blood mix, or when narrowed blood vessels or heart valves cause sluggish blood flow to the body or lungs.
Central Venous line Catheter placed into a large vein in the neck to administer medication or fluids,obtain blood tests and obtain measurements such as central venous line.
Tetrology of Fallot overriding aorta, ventricular septal defect, pulmonary stenosis, thickened right lower chamber of the heart.
Inguinal Hernia/Umbilical bulging of abdominal contents into a defect in the inguinal canal in the lower abdomen. or in the umbilical region.
Acyanotic Heart Defect There is a defect in one of the wall separating the chambers of the heart or obstruction to one valve or artery.
Ventriculoperitoneal Shunt Shunt placed taking brains CSF from the ventricles of the brain into the abdominal cavity.
Patent Ductus Arteriosis Neonates ductus arterosis fails to close after birth.Increased breathing and poor weight gain.
Hydrocephalus An abnormal condition in which CSF collects in ventricles of the brain. (subarachnoid)
Teratoma benign gem cell tumor which most frequently occur in male infants and young children:Male-teste; Baby-scrotum; women- ovaries
Atrial Septal Defect An abnormal opening between the left and right atria of the heart.
Aside from the antibioitic solution, what are shunts soaked in prior to surgery? Saline
What are the surgical approaches for inserting a shunt? Frontal, Parietal, Occipital
What are the incision places for the different Colostomy's? Transverse-Upper right Sigmoid-Lower left
Understand the increased risk of CHD Rubella during first 8 weeks, Children born with fetal alcohol syndrome, born with insulin dependant mothers, with certain chromosomal defects, positive family history
what are the surgical steps for placing a VP shunt Port in ventricle and then fed to heart or abdomen
What are the routes of administering anesthesia? Inhalation and Oral
What is pelvic Stenosis Congenital narrowing of the pylorus (The opening at the lower end of the stomach)
What are the approaches to a Nissen Fundoplication? Lap, Open
Be able to describe VSD and ASD VSD- An opening in the Ventrical wall of the heart ASD- An opening in the atrial wall of the heart
What is a Ductus Arteriosis? Neonates ductus arterosis fails to close after birth.Increased breathing and poor weight gain.
What is the transportation of The Great Vessels? The major Blood Vessels attached to the heart are reversed.
Define: Nissen The top portion of the stomach is wrapped around the lower end of the esophagus.
Define:Central Venous Catheter A catheter that is passed through a vein to end up in the thoracic portion of the vena cava or in the right atrium of the heart.
Define: Pyloromyotomy An incision is made in the longitudinal and circular muscles of the pylorus.
Define: Colostomy operation that creates on opening from the colon to the colon to the surface of the body to function as an anus.
Define: Circumcision Removal of some or all of the foreskin from the penis male infants, females too.
Orchiopexy Move an undescended testicle into the scrotum and permanently fix it there.
Myringotomy Putting tubes in the ear
Hernia The protrusion of of an organ or the fascia of an organ through the wall of the cavity that normally contains it.
Repair of intestinal Obstruction Relieve a bowel obstruction(blockage)
Hydrocelectomy Removal of Hydrocele collected fluid in the membrane surrounding the testes
T & A Tonsillectomy and Adenoidectomy
Created by: cornerschild