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68W-M6 Human Growth and Development

Growth Progressive anatomic and physiologic increase in size
Development increase in function or the gradual process of change and differentiation; Simple to complex
Development is affected by: Experiences, genes, family, environment
personality unique combination of characteristics that results in the individual's recurrent behavior pattern
life expectancy the average number of years a person will probably live, around 77 years
Infant mortality rate refers to the number of deaths before the end of the first year of life
neonatal first 30 days of life
infancy 30 days to 1 year
toddler 1 to 3 years
preschool 3 to 5 years
school age 6 to 12 years
adolescence 13 to 19 years
early adulthood 20 to 40 years
middle adulthood 40 to 65 years
late adulthood 65 and older
the ID the unconscious self that is present at birth, seeks pleasure, survival, reduce tension, comfort. Does not change with experience
the EGO the reality factor (pragmatic) stand for reason and good sense.
the SUPEREGO learns ti delay immediate gratification for socially appropriate reaasons, moral guidance/conscience. Develops from ego. Self observation and formation of ideas
Developmental Task: Infancy Basic trust vs mistrust
Developmental Task: Toddler Autonomy vs Shame/Doubt
Developmental Task: Preschool Initiative vs guilt
Developmental Task: School age Industry vs inferiority
Developmental Task: Adolescence Identity vs Role confusion
Developmental Task: Young Adult Intimacy vs Isolation
Developmental Task: Middle Adult Generativity vs stagnation
Developmental Task: Late Adult Ego Integrity vs despair
Psychosocial Development Theory Erikson
Theory of Cognitive Development Piaget
Sensorimotor Stage (Birth to 2 years) Intelligence gained and developed through sense and motor activity. Knowledge of world limited. Object permanence (7 month) Cause and effect, time of day
Preoperational Stage (2 to 7 years) Egocentric, attributes life to inanimate objects, understand one bit of information and a time but not abstract relationships, launguage develops, pretend play, logic, rules
Concrete Operational Stage (7 to 11 years) 7 types of conservation: Numbers, Length, Liquid, Mass, Weight, Area, Volume. Egocentric thought diminishes, realistic understanding of world, present oriented
Formal Operational (Adolescense to Adulthood) Intelligence demonstated through the use of logic, symbols, abstract concepts. Early return to egocentrism, future oriented, morality
Nuclear family Married man and woman, with or w/o children
Extended family nuclear plus family members, same household
Single parent family divorce, seperation, death, abandonment.
Blended Family Stepfamily, results from remarriage, conflicting loyalty, can bea fearful of love and trust
Social Contract Family/Cohabitation Unmarried couple living together
Homosexual Family Same sex couple, children natural or adopted
Adoptive Family Family with adopted children
Foster Family Natural parents unable to care for children, temporary usually
Infant Vital Signs Temp, Pulse, Resp Rates above adult norms, B/P lower
Infants can sit up unsupported and crawl usually at: 7 months
Infants can creep at: 9 months
Infants can stand and walk usually by: 8-15 months
Infant language development Babbles at 3 months, 1 word used in a row for each year of age
Breast Milk (or formula) is used exculsively for: 4-6 months
Infants require about how many hours of sleep? 18 hours
Infant play is: solitary
Toddler vocabulary by age 2 450 words
Toddler vocabulary by age 3 900 words
Primary teeth erupt at age: 2 years
Toddler vital signs: Pulse 90-120, BP 80 to 100 over 64, Temp 98-99, Resp 20-30
Rule of thumb for serving sizes: 1 Tablespoon for each year of age
Toddler play is: parallel
Preschooler's vision farsighted, 20/20 develops by age 5
Preschooler's vital signs Pulse: 70-110, Resp 23, BP 110/60, Temp 97-99
Preschooler's play Cooperative, pretend play, dramatic, imaginary friends
School age children's primary teeth erupts around age 6 years, 4 each year
School age children's vital signs Pulse 55-90, Resp 22-24, BP 110/65
Adolescence begins at: Puberty; menarche in females, sperm production in males
presbyopia farsightedness
presbycusis hearing loss
Common threats to adequate diet: poor oral health, lack of appetite, food intolerances, constipation, psychosocial, economic, loneliness, inability to shop or prepare meals
Factors affecting sleep: alcohol, medications, caffeine, stress, noise, temperature
Freud's Theory of Growth and Development Psychoanalytical
Created by: jedimedic