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Ch. 1

Intro to EMS

ALS Advance lifesaving procedures, some of which are now being provided by the EMT-B
ADA Americans WIth Disabilities Act. Comprehensive legislation that is designed to protect individuals with disabilities against discrimination
AED Automated external defibrillator. A device that detects treatable lefe-threatening cardiac arrhythmias (ventricular fibrillation and ventricular tachycardia) and delivers the appropriate electrical shock to the patient.
CQI Continuous quality improvement. A system of internal and external reviews and audits of all aspects of an EMS system
EMD Emergency Medical Dispatch. A system that assists dispatchers in selecting appropriate units to respond to a particular call for assistance and in providing callers with vital instructions until the arrival of EMS crews
EMS Emergency Medical Services. A multidisciplinary system that represents the combined efforts of serveral professionals and agencies to provide prehospital emergency care to the and injured.
EMT Emergency Medical Technician. A medical professional who is trained and certified/licensed by his or her state to provide emergency life support prior to or with more advanced medical providers.
EMT-B EMT-Basic. An EMT who has training in basic life support, including automated external defibrillation, use of a definitive airway adjunct, and assisting patients with certain medications
EMT-I EMT-Intermediate. An EMT who has training in specific aspects of advanced life support, such as IV (intrevenous) therapy, interpretation of cardiac rhythms and defibrillation, and orotracheal intubation
EMT-P EMT-Paramedic. An EMT who has extensive training in advance life support, including IV (intravenous) therapy, pharmacology, cardiac monitoring, and other advanced assessment and treatment skills
first responder the first trained individual, such as a police officer, fire fighter, lifeguard, or other rescuer, to arrive at the scene of an emergency to provide initial medical assistance
HIPAA Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act. Federal legislation passsed in 1996. Its main effect in EMS is in limiting availabilty of patient's health care information and penelizing violations of patient privacy
IV intravenous therapy, The delivery of medication directly into a vein
medical control Physicians instructions that are given directly by radio or cell phone (online/direct) or indirectly by protocol/guidelines (off-line/indirect), as authorized by the medical director of the service program
medical director The physician who authorizes or delegates to the EMT the authority to provide medical care in the field
PSA primary service area, The designated area in which the EMS service is responsible for the provision of prehospital emergency care and transportation to the hospital
quality control the responsibility of the medical director to ensure that the appropriate medical care standards are met by EMT-Bs on each call
Created by: cfarber